|Other Names||Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 W, N-terminus-conjugating E2, Ubiquitin carrier protein W, Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 16, UBC-16, Ubiquitin-protein ligase W, UBE2W, UBC16|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP13607b was selected from the C-term region of UBE2W. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins (PubMed:20061386). Specifically monoubiquitinates the N-terminus of various substrates, including ATXN3, MAPT/TAU, POLR2H/RPB8 and STUB1/CHIP, by recognizing backbone atoms of disordered N-termini (PubMed:23560854, PubMed:23696636, PubMed:25436519). Involved in degradation of misfolded chaperone substrates by mediating monoubiquitination of STUB1/CHIP, leading to recruitment of ATXN3 to monoubiquitinated STUB1/CHIP, and restriction of the length of ubiquitin chain attached to STUB1/CHIP substrates by ATXN3. After UV irradiation, but not after mitomycin-C (MMC) treatment, acts as a specific E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme for the Fanconi anemia complex by associating with E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase FANCL and catalyzing monoubiquitination of FANCD2, a key step in the DNA damage pathway (PubMed:19111657, PubMed:21229326). In vitro catalyzes 'Lys-11'-linked polyubiquitination. UBE2W-catalyzed ubiquitination occurs also in the presence of inactive RING/U-box type E3s, i.e. lacking the active site cysteine residues to form thioester bonds with ubiquitin, or even in the absence of E3, albeit at a slower rate (PubMed:25436519).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Note=In the nucleus, colocalizes with FANCL|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed, with highest expression in brain, liver, pancreas and heart.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
UBE2W accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. In vitro catalyzes monoubiquitination and 'Lys-11'-linked polyubiquitination.
Markson, G., et al. Genome Res. 19(10):1905-1911(2009)van Wijk, S.J., et al. Mol. Syst. Biol. 5, 295 (2009) :Yin, G., et al. Front. Biosci. 11, 1500-1507 (2006) :
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