|Other Names||Pituitary homeobox 2, ALL1-responsive protein ARP1, Homeobox protein PITX2, Paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2, RIEG bicoid-related homeobox transcription factor, Solurshin, PITX2, ARP1, RGS, RIEG, RIEG1|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1429b was selected from the C-term region of human Pilx2. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||ARP1, RGS, RIEG, RIEG1|
|Function||Controls cell proliferation in a tissue-specific manner and is involved in morphogenesis. During embryonic development, exerts a role in the expansion of muscle progenitors. May play a role in the proper localization of asymmetric organs such as the heart and stomach. Isoform PTX2C is involved in left-right asymmetry the developing embryo (By similarity).|
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Pilx2 is a member of the RIEG/PITX homeobox family, which is in the bicoid class of homeodomain proteins. This protein acts as a transcription factor and regulates procollagen lysyl hydroxylase gene expression. It plays a role in the terminal differentiation of somatotroph and lactotroph cell phenotypes, is involved in the development of the eye, tooth and abdominal organs, and acts as a transcriptional regulator involved in basal and hormone-regulated activity of prolactin. Mutations in this protein are associated with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, iridogoniodysgenesis syndrome, and sporadic cases of Peters anomaly. A similar protein in other vertebrates is involved in the determination of left-right asymmetry during development.
Engenheiro,E., Clin. Genet. 72 (5), 464-470 (2007)Gudbjartsson,D.F., Nature 448 (7151), 353-357 (2007)Lowry,R.B., Am. J. Med. Genet. A 143 (11), 1227-1230 (2007)
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