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KCNA2 Antibody (C-term) Blocking Peptide

Synthetic peptide

Product Information
Primary Accession P16389
Clone Names 100525215
Peptide ID 100525215
Additional Information
Gene ID 3737
Other Names Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 2, NGK1, Voltage-gated K(+) channel HuKIV, Voltage-gated potassium channel HBK5, Voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv12, KCNA2
Format Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.
PrecautionsThis product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name KCNA2
Function Voltage-gated potassium channel that mediates transmembrane potassium transport in excitable membranes, primarily in the brain and the central nervous system, but also in the cardiovascular system. Prevents aberrant action potential firing and regulates neuronal output. Forms tetrameric potassium- selective channels through which potassium ions pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient. The channel alternates between opened and closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane (PubMed:19912772, PubMed:8495559, PubMed:11211111, PubMed:23769686). Can form functional homotetrameric channels and heterotetrameric channels that contain variable proportions of KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNA4, KCNA5, KCNA6, KCNA7, and possibly other family members as well; channel properties depend on the type of alpha subunits that are part of the channel (PubMed:8495559, PubMed:20220134). Channel properties are modulated by cytoplasmic beta subunits that regulate the subcellular location of the alpha subunits and promote rapid inactivation of delayed rectifier potassium channels. In vivo, membranes probably contain a mixture of heteromeric potassium channel complexes, making it difficult to assign currents observed in intact tissues to any particular potassium channel family member. Homotetrameric KCNA2 forms a delayed-rectifier potassium channel that opens in response to membrane depolarization, followed by slow spontaneous channel closure (PubMed:19912772, PubMed:23769686). In contrast, a heteromultimer formed by KCNA2 and KCNA4 shows rapid inactivation (PubMed:8495559). Regulates neuronal excitability and plays a role as pacemaker in the regulation of neuronal action potentials (By similarity). KCNA2- containing channels play a presynaptic role and prevent hyperexcitability and aberrant action potential firing (By similarity). Response to toxins that are selective for KCNA2- containing potassium channels suggests that in Purkinje cells, dendritic subthreshold KCNA2-containing potassium channels prevent random spontaneous calcium spikes, suppressing dendritic hyperexcitability without hindering the generation of somatic action potentials, and thereby play an important role in motor coordination (By similarity). Plays a role in the induction of long-term potentiation of neuron excitability in the CA3 layer of the hippocampus (By similarity). May function as down-stream effector for G protein-coupled receptors and inhibit GABAergic inputs to basolateral amygdala neurons (By similarity). May contribute to the regulation of neurotransmitter release, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (By similarity). Contributes to the regulation of the axonal release of the neurotransmitter dopamine (By similarity). Reduced KCNA2 expression plays a role in the perception of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury, but not acute pain (By similarity). Plays a role in the regulation of the time spent in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep (By similarity).
Cellular Location Cell membrane; Multi- pass membrane protein {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142, ECO:0000305} Membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142}. Cell projection, axon. Cell junction, synapse {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142}. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142}. Cell projection, lamellipodium membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142}. Cell junction, synapse, synaptosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63141}. Cell junction, synapse, presynaptic cell membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63141} Cell projection, dendrite {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63141} Note=KCNA2 by itself is detected both at the endoplasmic reticulum and at the cell membrane. Coexpression with KCNA4 or with beta subunits promotes expression at the cell membrane. Coexpression with KCNA1 inhibits cell surface expression {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63142}
Tissue Location Detected in brain cortex (PubMed:16473933). Detected in peroneal nerve in the juxtaparanodal regions of the node of Ranvier; expression is decreased in patients with diabetes mellitus that suffer from axonal neuropathy (PubMed:22649228) Detected in paranodal and juxtanodal zones in myelinated spinal cord (at protein level) (PubMed:11086297)
Research Areas
Citations (0)

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Potassium channels represent the most complex class ofvoltage-gated ion channels from both functional and structuralstandpoints. Their diverse functions include regulatingneurotransmitter release, heart rate, insulin secretion, neuronalexcitability, epithelial electrolyte transport, smooth musclecontraction, and cell volume. Four sequence-related potassiumchannel genes - shaker, shaw, shab, and shal - have been identifiedin Drosophila, and each has been shown to have human homolog(s).This gene encodes a member of the potassium channel, voltage-gated,shaker-related subfamily. This member contains sixmembrane-spanning domains with a shaker-type repeat in the fourthsegment. It belongs to the delayed rectifier class, members ofwhich allow nerve cells to efficiently repolarize following anaction potential. The coding region of this gene is intronless, andthe gene is clustered with genes KCNA3 and KCNA10 on chromosome 1.


Denning, E.J., et al. Mol. Membr. Biol. 26(8):397-421(2009)Peters, C.J., et al. Channels (Austin) 3(5):314-322(2009)Martos, V., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26):10482-10486(2009)Stirling, L., et al. Mol. Biol. Cell 20(12):2991-3002(2009)Zhu, J., et al. Biochem. J. 375 (PT 3), 769-775 (2003) :

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Cat# BP14749b
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