|Other Names||Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 2, Germinal center kinase, GCK, MAPK/ERK kinase kinase kinase 2, MEK kinase kinase 2, MEKKK 2, Rab8-interacting protein, Map4k2, Rab8ip|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Acts as a MAPK kinase kinase kinase (MAP4K) and is an upstream activator of the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway and to a lesser extent of the p38 MAPKs signaling pathway. Required for the efficient activation of JNKs by TRAF6-dependent stimuli, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) such as polyinosine-polycytidine (poly(IC)), lipopolysaccharides (LPS), lipid A, peptidoglycan (PGN),or bacterial flagellin. To a lesser degree, IL-1 and engagement of CD40 also stimulate MAP4K2-mediated JNKs activation. The requirement for MAP4K2/GCK is most pronounced for LPS signaling, and extends to LPS stimulation of c-Jun phosphorylation and induction of IL-8. Enhances MAP3K1 oligomerization, which may relieve N-terminal mediated MAP3K1 autoinhibition and lead to activation following autophosphorylation. Mediates also the SAP/JNK signaling pathway and the p38 MAPKs signaling pathway through activation of the MAP3Ks MAP3K10/MLK2 and MAP3K11/MLK3. May play a role in the regulation of vesicle targeting or fusion.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Basolateral cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Enhances MAP3K1 oligomerization, which may relieve amino-terminal mediated MAP3K1 autoinhibition and lead to activation following autophosphorylation. May play a role in the regulation of vesicle targeting or fusion.
Zhong, J., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(11):4372-4377(2009)Ren, M., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93(10):5151-5155(1996)
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