|Other Names||Toll-like receptor 2, Toll/interleukin-1 receptor-like protein 4, CD282, TLR2, TIL4|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1502a was selected from the N-term region of human Human TLR2 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Cooperates with LY96 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipoproteins and other microbial cell wall components. Cooperates with TLR1 or TLR6 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipoproteins or lipopeptides. Acts via MYD88 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. May also promote apoptosis in response to lipoproteins. Recognizes mycoplasmal macrophage-activating lipopeptide-2kD (MALP-2), soluble tuberculosis factor (STF), phenol-soluble modulin (PSM) and B.burgdorferi outer surface protein A lipoprotein (OspA-L) cooperatively with TLR6.|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes, in particular in monocytes, in bone marrow, lymph node and in spleen. Also detected in lung and in fetal liver. Levels are low in other tissues|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. The various TLRs exhibit different patterns of expression. This gene is expressed most abundantly in peripheral blood leukocytes, and mediates host response to Gram-positive bacteria and yeast via stimulation of NF-kappaB.
Meng, G., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 278(41):39822-39829 (2003).Sandor, F., et al., J. Cell Biol. 162(6):1099-1110 (2003).Wang, X., et al., FASEB J. 17(12):1727-1729 (2003).Huang, L.Y., et al., J. Immunol. 171(3):1441-1446 (2003).Takeuchi, J., et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 306(3):674-679 (2003).
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