|Other Names||Dickkopf-related protein 4, Dickkopf-4, Dkk-4, hDkk-4, Dickkopf-related protein 4 short form, DKK4|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1524a was selected from the N-term region of human DKK4. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Antagonizes canonical Wnt signaling by inhibiting LRP5/6 interaction with Wnt and by forming a ternary complex with the transmembrane protein KREMEN that promotes internalization of LRP5/6. DKKs play an important role in vertebrate development, where they locally inhibit Wnt regulated processes such as antero- posterior axial patterning, limb development, somitogenesis and eye formation. In the adult, Dkks are implicated in bone formation and bone disease, cancer and Alzheimer disease (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in cerebellum, T-cells, esophagus and lung|
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DKK4, like DKK1, DKK2, and DKK3, possesses an N-terminal signal peptide and 2 conserved cysteine-rich domains, which are separated by a linker region and contain 10 cysteine residues each. The second cysteine region has a putative lipid-binding function that may facilitate WNT/DKK interactions at the plasma membrane. The linker region contains 50 to 55 amino acids in DKK1, DKK2, and DKK4, whereas in DKK3 it contains only 12 amino acids. All DKKs have several potential sites for cleavage by furin-type proteases. Northern blot analysis detected no expression of DKK4, but RT-PCR analysis detected DKK4 expression in cerebellum, T-cell, esophagus, and lung cDNA libraries. DKK4 blocks Xenopus Wnt8, Wnt3a, and Wnt2b, but not Dsh or Fz8, induction of a secondary axis in frog embryos, indicating that DKKs antagonize WNT function upstream of WNT receptors.
Krupnik, V.E., et al., Gene 238(2):301-313 (1999). Yoshida, S., et al., Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 94 (1-2), 88-89 (2001).
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