|Other Names||Lysyl oxidase homolog 2, Lysyl oxidase-like protein 2, Lysyl oxidase-related protein 2, Lysyl oxidase-related protein WS9-14, LOXL2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Mediates the post-translational oxidative deamination of lysine residues on target proteins leading to the formation of deaminated lysine (allysine). When secreted in extracellular matrix, promotes cross-linking of extracellular matrix proteins by mediating oxidative deamination of peptidyl lysine residues in precursors to fibrous collagen and elastin. Acts as a regulator of sprouting angiogenesis, probably via collagen IV scaffolding. When nuclear, acts as a transcription corepressor and specifically mediates deamination of trimethylated 'Lys-4' of histone H3 (H3K4me3), a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation. Involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) via interaction with SNAI1 and participates in repression of E- cadherin, probably by mediating deamination of histone H3. Also involved in E-cadherin repression following hypoxia, a hallmark of epithelial to mesenchymal transition believed to amplify tumor aggressiveness, suggesting that it may play a role in tumor progression. Acts as a regulator of chondrocyte differentiation, probably by regulating expression of factors that control chondrocyte differentiation.|
|Cellular Location||Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix, basement membrane. Nucleus. Chromosome Note=Associated with chromatin. It is unclear how LOXL2 is nuclear: it contains a clear signal sequence and is predicted to localize in the extracellular medium. However, different reports confirmed the intracellular location and its key role in transcription regulation|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in many tissues. Highest expression in reproductive tissues, placenta, uterus and prostate. Up- regulated in a number of cancers cells and tissues|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase genefamily. The prototypic member of the family is essential to thebiogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellularcopper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in theformation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highlyconserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to besufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each familymember may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conservedand may impart additional roles in developmental regulation,senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxisto each member of the family.
Rodriguez, H.M., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 285(27):20964-20974(2010)Ruckert, F., et al. Int J Colorectal Dis 25(3):303-311(2010)Schietke, R., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 285(9):6658-6669(2010)Sano, M., et al. Int. J. Oncol. 36(2):321-330(2010)Kim, Y., et al. Oncol. Rep. 22(4):799-804(2009)
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