|Other Names||Mas-related G-protein coupled receptor member X2, MRGPRX2, MRGX2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Mast cell-specific receptor for basic secretagogues, i.e. cationic amphiphilic drugs, as well as endo- or exogenous peptides, consisting of a basic head group and a hydrophobic core (PubMed:25517090). Recognizes and binds small molecules containing a cyclized tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ), such as non-steroidal neuromuscular blocking drugs (NMBDs), including tubocurarine and atracurium. In response to these compounds, mediates pseudo- allergic reactions characterized by histamine release, inflammation and airway contraction (By similarity). Acts as a receptor for a number of other ligands, including peptides and alkaloids, such as cortistatin-14, proadrenomedullin N-terminal peptides PAMP-12 and, at lower extent, PAMP-20, antibacterial protein LL-37, PMX-53 peptide, beta-defensins, and complanadine A.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Mainly expressed in mast cells. Has a limited expression profile, both peripheral and within the central nervous system, with highest levels in dorsal root ganglion (PubMed:12915402). Detected in blood vessels, scattered lymphocytes, and gastrointestinal ganglia (at protein level) (PubMed:16161007).|
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MRGPRX2 is the orphan receptor. Probably involved in the function of nociceptive neurons. May regulate nociceptor function and/or development, including the sensation or modulation of pain. Cortistatin-14 seems to be a high potency ligand at this receptor. Cortistatin has several biological functions including roles in sleep regulation locomotor activity, and cortical function. In receptor-expressing cells, cortistatin-stimulated increases in intracellular Ca(2+) but had no effect on basal or forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels, suggesting that this receptor is G(q)-coupled.
Gembardt, F., et al. Mol. Cell. Biochem. 319 (1-2), 115-123 (2008) :Yang, S., et al. Gene 352, 30-35 (2005) :Robas, N., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 278(45):44400-44404(2003)Takeda, S., et al. FEBS Lett. 520 (1-3), 97-101 (2002) :Dong, X., et al. Cell 106(5):619-632(2001)
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