|Other Names||Glioma tumor suppressor candidate region gene 2 protein, p60, GLTSCR2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Nucleolar protein which is involved in the integration of the 5S RNP into the ribosomal large subunit during ribosome biogenesis (PubMed:24120868). In ribosome biogenesis, may also play a role in rRNA transcription (PubMed:27729611). Also functions as a nucleolar sensor that regulates the activation of p53/TP53 in response to ribosome biogenesis perturbation, DNA damage and other stress conditions (PubMed:21741933, PubMed:24120868, PubMed:27829214). DNA damage or perturbation of ribosome biogenesis disrupt the interaction between NOP53 and RPL11 allowing RPL11 transport to the nucleoplasm where it can inhibit MDM2 and allow p53/TP53 activation (PubMed:24120868, PubMed:27829214). It may also positively regulate the function of p53/TP53 in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through direct interaction, preventing its MDM2-dependent ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation (PubMed:22522597). Originally identified as a tumor suppressor, it may also play a role in cell proliferation and apoptosis by positively regulating the stability of PTEN, thereby antagonizing the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway (PubMed:15355975, PubMed:16971513, PubMed:27729611). May also inhibit cell proliferation and increase apoptosis through its interaction with NF2 (PubMed:21167305). May negatively regulate NPM1 by regulating its nucleoplasmic localization, oligomerization and ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation (PubMed:25818168). Thereby, may prevent NPM1 interaction with MYC and negatively regulate transcription mediated by the MYC-NPM1 complex (PubMed:25956029). May also regulate cellular aerobic respiration (PubMed:24556985). In the cellular response to viral infection, may play a role in the attenuation of interferon-beta through the inhibition of DDX58/RIG-1 (PubMed:27824081).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Note=In the nucleolus may be more specifically localized to the fibrillar center (PubMed:27729611). Mainly nucleolar it relocalizes to the nucleoplasm under specific conditions including ribosomal stress enabling it to interact and regulate nucleoplasmic proteins like p53/TP53 (PubMed:22522597, PubMed:24923447, PubMed:27323397, PubMed:26903295). Also detected in the cytosol (PubMed:24923447, PubMed:27824081).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed at high levels in heart and pancreas, moderate levels in placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, and kidney, and low levels in brain and lung|
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Interacts with HSV-1 early proteins ICP22 and ICP0.
Kim, J.Y., et al. Pathol. Res. Pract. 206(5):295-299(2010)Kalt, I., et al. J. Virol. 84(6):2935-2945(2010)Kim, Y.J., et al. J. Pathol. 216(2):218-224(2008)Yim, J.H., et al. Cell Death Differ. 14(11):1872-1879(2007)Yim, J.H., et al. Pathobiology 74(5):301-308(2007)
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