|Other Names||Akirin-1, AKIRIN1, C1orf108|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed with the highest expression in heart, liver, placenta and peripheral blood leukocytes|
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The highly conserved, nuclear-localized AKIRIN1 and Akirin2 proteins critically regulate the transcription of NF-kB dependent genes and are required for defense against Gram-negative bacteria in the immune deficiency and NF-kB pathways. AKIRIN1 is dispensable in the mouse, and neither knockout mice nor cells derived from them have obvious distinctive phenotypes. In contrast, Akirin2 is required for development in the mouse and knockout of both Akirin homologs in mice show that Akirin2 is required downstream of toll-like receptor (TLR), TNF-alpha and IL-1beta signaling, and for the production of IL-6. Akirin2 is functionally closer to the single gene in Drosophila, as the homozygous null D. melanogaster Akirin mutants show a similar, mid-to-early embryonic death.
Goto, A., et al. Nat. Immunol. 9(1):97-104(2008)
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