|Other Names||Signal transducer and activator of transcription 2, Stat2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Signal transducer and activator of transcription that mediates signaling by type I IFNs (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta). Following type I IFN binding to cell surface receptors, Jak kinases (TYK2 and JAK1) are activated, leading to tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2. The phosphorylated STATs dimerize, associate with IRF9/ISGF3G to form a complex termed ISGF3 transcription factor, that enters the nucleus. ISGF3 binds to the IFN stimulated response element (ISRE) to activate the transcription of interferon stimulated genes, which drive the cell in an antiviral state. Acts as a regulator of mitochondrial fission by modulating the phosphorylation of DNM1L at 'Ser-616' and 'Ser-637' which activate and inactivate the GTPase activity of DNM1L respectively.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Translocated into the nucleus upon activation by IFN-alpha/beta.|
|Tissue Location||Found in the brain, lung, heart, spleen, liver, kidney, muscle and the testis|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Transcription factor that binds to the IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) and to the GAS element. This multiprotein transcription factor is termed ISGF3.
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