|Other Names||Transmembrane emp24 domain-containing protein 10, 21 kDa transmembrane-trafficking protein, S31III125, S31I125, Tmp-21-I, Transmembrane protein Tmp21, p23, p24 family protein delta-1, p24delta1, p24delta, TMED10, TMP21|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in vesicular protein trafficking. Mainly functions in the early secretory pathway. Thought to act as cargo receptor at the lumenal side for incorporation of secretory cargo molecules into transport vesicles and to be involved in vesicle coat formation at the cytoplasmic side. In COPII vesicle-mediated anterograde transport involved in the transport of GPI-anchored proteins and proposed to act together with TMED2 as their cargo receptor; the function specifically implies SEC24C and SEC24D of the COPII vesicle coat and lipid raft-like microdomains of the ER. Recognizes GPI anchors structural remodeled in the ER by PGAP1 and MPPE1 (By similarity). In COPI vesicle-mediated retrograde transport involved in the biogenesis of COPI vesicles and vesicle coat recruitment. On Golgi membranes, acts as primary receptor for ARF1-GDP which is involved in COPI-vesicle formation. Increases coatomer-dependent GTPase-activating activity of ARFGAP2. Involved in trafficking of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Regulates F2LR1, OPRM1 and P2RY4 exocytic trafficking from the Golgi to the plasma membrane thus contributing to receptor resensitization. Involved in trafficking of amyloid beta A4 protein and soluble APP-beta release (independent of modulation of gamma-secretase activity). As part of the presenilin-dependent gamma-secretase complex regulates gamma-cleavages of the amyloid beta A4 protein to yield amyloid-beta 40 (Abeta40). Involved in organization of the Golgi apparatus.|
|Cellular Location||Golgi apparatus, cis-Golgi network membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Melanosome. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein Endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell membrane. Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV Cycles between compartments of the early secretatory pathway|
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This gene is a member of the EMP24/GP25L/p24 family andencodes a protein with a GOLD domain. This type I membrane proteinis localized to the plasma membrane and golgi cisternae and isinvolved in vesicular protein trafficking. The protein is also amember of a heteromeric secretase complex and regulates thecomplex's gamma-secretase activity without affecting itsepsilon-secretase activity. Mutations in this gene have beenassociated with early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease. This genehas a pseudogene on chromosome 8.
Wang, H., et al. Mol. Biol. Cell 21(8):1398-1408(2010)Zhao, J., et al. BMC Med. Genet. 11, 96 (2010) :Pardossi-Piquard, R., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 284(42):28634-28641(2009)Soranzo, N., et al. PLoS Genet. 5 (4), E1000445 (2009) :Liu, S., et al. Eur. J. Neurosci. 28(10):1980-1988(2008)
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