|Other Names||E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase SMURF1, hSMURF1, 632-, SMAD ubiquitination regulatory factor 1, SMAD-specific E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase 1, SMURF1, KIAA1625|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2104a was selected from the N-term region of human SMURF1 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that acts as a negative regulator of BMP signaling pathway. Mediates ubiquitination and degradation of SMAD1 and SMAD5, 2 receptor-regulated SMADs specific for the BMP pathway. Promotes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of TRAF family members and RHOA. Plays a role in dendrite formation by melanocytes (PubMed:23999003).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in melanocytes (PubMed:23999003).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB) family signal through type I and type II serine/threonine-kinase receptors, which in turn activate the SMAD signaling pathway. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptors target SMAD1, SMAD5, and SMAD8, whereas receptors for activin and TGFB (e.g., ACVR1 and TGFBR1, respectively) target SMAD2 and SMAD3. Phosphorylation of these receptor-regulated SMADs induces their association with the common-partner SMAD, SMAD4. Smurf1, a HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligase, regulates cell polarity and protrusive activity and is required to maintain the transformed morphology and motility of a tumor cell. Atypical protein kinase C-zeta (PKC2), an effector of the Cdc42/Rac1-PAR6 polarity complex, recruits Smurf1 to cellular protrusions, where it controlled the local level of RhoA. Smurf1 thus links the polarity complex to degradation of RhoA in lamellipodia and filopodia to prevent RhoA signaling during dynamic membrane movements.
Tajima, Y., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 278(12):10716-10721 (2003).Suzuki, C., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 277(42):39919-39925 (2002).Ebisawa, T., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 276(16):12477-12480 (2001).Zhu, H., et al., Nature 400(6745):687-693 (1999).Lambris, J., et al., J. Immunol. Methods 27(1):55-59 (1979).
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