|Other Names||Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 11, Deubiquitinating enzyme 11, Ubiquitin thioesterase 11, Ubiquitin-specific-processing protease 11, USP11, UHX1|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2139a was selected between 279-308 amino acids from the N-term region of human USP11 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Protease that can remove conjugated ubiquitin from target proteins and polyubiquitin chains (PubMed:12084015, PubMed:15314155, PubMed:17897950, PubMed:19874889, PubMed:20233726, PubMed:24724799). Inhibits the degradation of target proteins by the proteasome (PubMed:12084015). Cleaves preferentially 'Lys-6' and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains. Has lower activity with 'Lys-11' and 'Lys-33'-linked ubiquitin chains, and extremely low activity with 'Lys-27', 'Lys-29' and 'Lys-48'- linked ubiquitin chains (in vitro) (PubMed:24724799). Plays a role in the regulation of pathways leading to NF-kappa-B activation (PubMed:17897950, PubMed:19874889). Plays a role in the regulation of DNA repair after double-stranded DNA breaks (PubMed:15314155, PubMed:20233726).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus Cytoplasm. Note=Predominantly nuclear (PubMed:12084015, PubMed:15314155). Associates with chromatin (PubMed:20233726).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Modification of target proteins by ubiquitin participates in a wide array of biological functions. Proteins destined for degradation or processing via the 26 S proteasome are coupled to multiple copies of ubiquitin. However, attachment of ubiquitin or ubiquitin-related molecules may also result in changes in subcellular distribution or modification of protein activity. An additional level of ubiquitin regulation, deubiquitination, is catalyzed by proteases called deubiquitinating enzymes, which fall into four distinct families. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases, ubiquitin-specific processing proteases (USPs),1 OTU-domain ubiquitin-aldehyde-binding proteins, and Jab1/Pad1/MPN-domain-containing metallo-enzymes. Among these four families, USPs represent the most widespread and represented deubiquitinating enzymes across evolution. USPs tend to release ubiquitin from a conjugated protein. They display similar catalytic domains containing conserved Cys and His boxes but divergent N-terminal and occasionally C-terminal extensions, which are thought to function in substrate recognition, subcellular localization, and protein-protein interactions.
Strausberg, R.L., et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(26):16899-16903 (2002).Swanson, D.A., et al., Hum. Mol. Genet. 5(4):533-538 (1996).Ideguchi, H., et al., Biochem. J. 367 (Pt 1), 87-95 (2002).
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