|Other Names||Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 25, Deubiquitinating enzyme 25, USP on chromosome 21, Ubiquitin thioesterase 25, Ubiquitin-specific-processing protease 25, USP25, USP21|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2150a was selected from the N-term region of human USP25 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Deubiquitinating enzyme that hydrolyzes ubiquitin moieties conjugated to substrates and thus, functions to process newly synthesized Ubiquitin, to recycle ubiquitin molecules or to edit polyubiquitin chains and prevents proteasomal degradation of substrates. Hydrolyzes both 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked tetraubiquitin chains.|
|Tissue Location||Isoform USP25a is found in most adult and fetal tissues; expression is moderately high in testis, pancreas, kidney, skeletal muscle, liver, lung, placenta, brain, heart, but very low in peripheral blood, colon, small intestine, ovary, prostate, thymus and spleen. Isoform USP25b is found in all tissues except heart and skeletal muscle. Isoform USP25m is heart and skeletal muscle specific.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Modification of target proteins by ubiquitin participates in a wide array of biological functions. Proteins destined for degradation or processing via the 26 S proteasome are coupled to multiple copies of ubiquitin. However, attachment of ubiquitin or ubiquitin-related molecules may also result in changes in subcellular distribution or modification of protein activity. An additional level of ubiquitin regulation, deubiquitination, is catalyzed by proteases called deubiquitinating enzymes, which fall into four distinct families. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases, ubiquitin-specific processing proteases (USPs),1 OTU-domain ubiquitin-aldehyde-binding proteins, and Jab1/Pad1/MPN-domain-containing metallo-enzymes. Among these four families, USPs represent the most widespread and represented deubiquitinating enzymes across evolution. USPs tend to release ubiquitin from a conjugated protein. They display similar catalytic domains containing conserved Cys and His boxes but divergent N-terminal and occasionally C-terminal extensions, which are thought to function in substrate recognition, subcellular localization, and protein-protein interactions.
Ota, T., et al., Nat. Genet. 36(1):40-45 (2004).Groet, J., et al., Genes Chromosomes Cancer 27(2):153-161 (2000).Valero, R., et al., Genomics 62(3):395-405 (1999).
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