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TPR Blocking Peptide (C-term)

Synthetic peptide

     
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Product Information
Primary Accession P12270
Additional Information
Gene ID 7175
Other Names Nucleoprotein TPR, Megator, NPC-associated intranuclear protein, Translocated promoter region protein, TPR
Target/Specificity The synthetic peptide sequence is selected from aa 2026-2040 of HUMAN TPR
Format Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.
PrecautionsThis product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name TPR
Function Component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), a complex required for the trafficking across the nuclear envelope. Functions as a scaffolding element in the nuclear phase of the NPC essential for normal nucleocytoplasmic transport of proteins and mRNAs, plays a role in the establishment of nuclear-peripheral chromatin compartmentalization in interphase, and in the mitotic spindle checkpoint signaling during mitosis. Involved in the quality control and retention of unspliced mRNAs in the nucleus; in association with NUP153, regulates the nuclear export of unspliced mRNA species bearing constitutive transport element (CTE) in a NXF1- and KHDRBS1-independent manner. Negatively regulates both the association of CTE-containing mRNA with large polyribosomes and translation initiation. Does not play any role in Rev response element (RRE)-mediated export of unspliced mRNAs. Implicated in nuclear export of mRNAs transcribed from heat shock gene promoters; associates both with chromatin in the HSP70 promoter and with mRNAs transcribed from this promoter under stress-induced conditions. Modulates the nucleocytoplasmic transport of activated MAPK1/ERK2 and huntingtin/HTT and may serve as a docking site for the XPO1/CRM1-mediated nuclear export complex. According to some authors, plays a limited role in the regulation of nuclear protein export (PubMed:22253824 and PubMed:11952838). Plays also a role as a structural and functional element of the perinuclear chromatin distribution; involved in the formation and/or maintenance of NPC-associated perinuclear heterochromatin exclusion zones (HEZs). Finally, acts as a spatial regulator of the spindle-assembly checkpoint (SAC) response ensuring a timely and effective recruitment of spindle checkpoint proteins like MAD1L1 and MAD2L1 to unattached kinetochore during the metaphase-anaphase transition before chromosome congression. Its N-terminus is involved in activation of oncogenic kinases.
Cellular Location Nucleus. Nucleus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Nucleoplasmic side. Nucleus envelope Nucleus, nuclear pore complex. Cytoplasm Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle Chromosome, centromere, kinetochore Nucleus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side Note=Detected as discrete intranuclear foci with IFI204 (By similarity). In interphase, localizes to the nucleoplasmic side of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) core structure, forming a fibrous structure called the nuclear basket. Detected exclusively to the cytoplasmic margin of NPC (PubMed:7798308). Docking to the inner nucleoplasmic side of the NPC is mediated through binding to nucleoporins. Anchored by NUP153 to the NPC. The assembly of the NPC is a stepwise process in which Trp-containing peripheral structures assemble after other components, including p62 Detected as filaments that emanate from the nuclear basket of the NPC and extend to the nucleolus to delineate a chromatin-free network extending from the nuclear envelope to the perinucleolar region. Detected in diffuse and discrete spheroidal intranuclear foci. Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein imported into the nucleus in a XPO1/CRM1- and Importin alpha/Importin beta receptor- dependent manner. Remains localized to the nuclear membrane after poliovirus (PV) infection. During mitosis, remains associated with the nuclear envelope until prometaphase. Associated with the mitotic spindle from late prometaphase until anaphase. Reorganized during mitosis in a viscous and dynamic nuclear-derived spindle matrix that embeds the microtubule spindle apparatus from pole to pole in a microtubule-independent manner. Recruited to the reforming nuclear envelope during telophase and cytokinesis Detected at kinetochores during prometaphase (PubMed:18981471) Colocalizes with MAD2L1 in the spindle matrix but not at kinetochore (PubMed:19273613). Colocalizes with dynein, dynactin, tubulin at kinetochore during the metaphase-anaphase transition Colocalizes with DYNLL1 at the mitotic spindle. {ECO:0000250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18981471, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19273613, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7798308}
Tissue Location Expressed in esophagus, ovary, liver, skin, smooth muscles, cerebrum and fetal cerebellum (at protein level) Highest in testis, lung, thymus, spleen and brain, lower levels in heart, liver and kidney.
Research Areas
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Background

Component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), a complex required for the trafficking across the nuclear envelope. Functions as a scaffolding element in the nuclear phase of the NPC essential for normal nucleocytoplasmic transport of proteins and mRNAs, plays a role in the establishment of nuclear-peripheral chromatin compartmentalization in interphase, and in the mitotic spindle checkpoint signaling during mitosis. Involved in the quality control and retention of unspliced mRNAs in the nucleus; in association with NUP153, regulates the nuclear export of unspliced mRNA species bearing constitutive transport element (CTE) in a NXF1- and KHDRBS1-independent manner. Negatively regulates both the association of CTE-containing mRNA with large polyribosomes and translation initiation. Does not play any role in Rev response element (RRE)-mediated export of unspliced mRNAs. Implicated in nuclear export of mRNAs transcribed from heat shock gene promoters; associates both with chromatin in the HSP70 promoter and with mRNAs transcribed from this promoter under stress-induced conditions. Modulates the nucleocytoplasmic transport of activated MAPK1/ERK2 and huntingtin/HTT and may serve as a docking site for the XPO1/CRM1-mediated nuclear export complex. According to some authors, plays a limited role in the regulation of nuclear protein export (PubMed:22253824 and PubMed:11952838). Plays also a role as a structural and functional element of the perinuclear chromatin distribution; involved in the formation and/or maintenance of NPC-associated perinuclear heterochromatin exclusion zones (HEZs). Finally, acts as a spatial regulator of the spindle-assembly checkpoint (SAC) response ensuring a timely and effective recruitment of spindle checkpoint proteins like MAD1L1 and MAD2L1 to unattached kinetochore during the metaphase-anaphase transition before chromosome congression. Its N-terminus is involved in activation of oncogenic kinases.

References

Mitchell P.J.,et al.Oncogene 7:383-388(1992).
Mitchell P.J.,et al.Oncogene 7:2329-2333(1992).
Byrd D.A.,et al.J. Cell Biol. 127:1515-1526(1994).
Cordes V.C.,et al.J. Cell Biol. 136:515-529(1997).
Gregory S.G.,et al.Nature 441:315-321(2006).

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$ 80.00
Cat# BP21515b
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