|Other Names||Bile salt sulfotransferase, Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase, DHEA-ST, Hydroxysteroid Sulfotransferase, HST, ST2, ST2A3, Sulfotransferase 2A1, ST2A1, SULT2A1, HST, STD|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2603a was selected from the N-term region of human SULT2A. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfonation of steroids and bile acids in the liver and adrenal glands.|
|Tissue Location||Liver, adrenal and at lower level in the kidney. Is present in human fetus in higher level in the adrenal than the liver and the kidney|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
One of the major roles of the sulfotransferases (ST) in the metabolism of drugs and endogenous compounds is the conversion of these substances into more hydrophilic water-soluble sulfate conjugates that can be easily excreted. Sulfation may also play a regulatory role for many endogenous compounds, such as steroids and neurotransmitters, by altering the biologic properties of these compounds. Otterness et al. (1992), Kong et al. (1992), and Comer et al. (1993) reported the cloning of cDNAs encoding liver dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) sulfotransferase. The predicted protein has 285 amino acids. Although Northern blot analysis of human liver RNA detected transcripts of 3 different sizes, Southern blot analysis of human DNA suggested that only 1 gene is present in the genome. This gene has an important role in the sulfation of both bile acids and steroids in the liver and adrenals. The human adrenal form of this enzyme is physically, immunologically, and kinetically similar, perhaps identical, to the liver form. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate is quantitatively one of the major steroids secreted from the adrenal cortex.
Otterness, D. M., et al. Molec. Pharm. 41: 865-872 (1992).Kong, A.-N. T., et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 187: 448-454 (1992).Comer, K. A., et al. Biochem. J. 289: 233-240 (1993).
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