|Other Names||Cytochrome P450 26A1, 114--, Cytochrome P450 retinoic acid-inactivating 1, Cytochrome P450RAI, hP450RAI, Retinoic acid 4-hydroxylase, Retinoic acid-metabolizing cytochrome, CYP26A1, CYP26, P450RAI1|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays a key role in retinoic acid metabolism. Acts on retinoids, including all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) and its stereoisomer 9-cis-RA. Capable of both 4-hydroxylation and 18- hydroxylation. Responsible for generation of several hydroxylated forms of RA, including 4-OH-RA, 4-oxo-RA and 18-OH-RA.|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Microsome membrane; Peripheral membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Highest levels in adult liver, heart, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, placenta and regions of the brain|
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CYP26A1 is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids.This endoplasmic reticulum protein acts on retinoids, including all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), with both 4-hydroxylation and 18-hydroxylation activities. This enzyme regulates the cellular level of retinoic acid which is involved in regulation of gene expression in both embryonic and adult tissues.
Quere,R., Blood 109 (10), 4450-4460 (2007)Lee,S.J., Pharmacogenet. Genomics 17 (3), 169-180 (2007)Heise,R., J. Invest. Dermatol. 126 (11), 2473-2480 (2006)
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