|Other Names||Ubiquitin thioesterase otulin, Deubiquitinating enzyme otulin, OTU domain-containing deubiquitinase with linear linkage specificity, Ubiquitin thioesterase Gumby, OTULIN, FAM105B|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Deubiquitinase that specifically removes linear ('Met- 1'-linked) polyubiquitin chains to substrates and acts as a regulator of angiogenesis and innate immune response (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:27523608, PubMed:27559085, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Associates with the LUBAC complex via direct interaction with RNF31 and counteracts its action by cleaving linear polyubiquitin chains to substrates (PubMed:23708998, PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334, PubMed:23827681, PubMed:24726323, PubMed:24726327). Required during angiogenesis, craniofacial and neuronal development by regulating the canonical Wnt signaling together with the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23708998). Acts as a negative regulator of NF- kappa-B by counteracting activity of the LUBAC complex (PubMed:23746843, PubMed:23806334). Required for homeostasis of the LUBAC complex by restricting autoubiquination of the LUBAC complex subunit RNF31 (PubMed:24726323). Some results have suggested that OTULIN function is restricted to homeostasis of the LUBAC complex, because it is not stably associated with TNF or NOD2 receptor signaling complexes (RSCs) (PubMed:26670046). However, further report have shown that it plays active roles in receptor signaling (PubMed:26997266, PubMed:27523608). Acts as a key negative regulator of inflammation by restricting spontaneous inflammation and maintaining immune homeostasis (PubMed:27523608). In myeloid cell, required to prevent unwarranted secretion of cytokines leading to inflammation and autoimmunity by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation (PubMed:27523608). Plays a key role in innate immune response by restricting linear polyubiquitin formation on RIPK2 in response to NOD2 stimulation, probably to limit NOD2-dependent proinflammatory signaling (PubMed:23806334).|
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Gerhard, D.S., et al. Genome Res. 14 (10B), 2121-2127 (2004) :
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