|Other Names||Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1, S1P receptor 1, S1P1, Endothelial differentiation G-protein coupled receptor 1, Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor Edg-1, S1P receptor Edg-1, CD363, S1PR1, CHEDG1, EDG1|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP6137a was selected from the N-term region of human EDG1 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||G-protein coupled receptor for the bioactive lysosphingolipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) that seems to be coupled to the G(i) subclass of heteromeric G proteins. Signaling leads to the activation of RAC1, SRC, PTK2/FAK1 and MAP kinases. Plays an important role in cell migration, probably via its role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and the formation of lamellipodia in response to stimuli that increase the activity of the sphingosine kinase SPHK1. Required for normal chemotaxis toward sphingosine 1-phosphate. Required for normal embryonic heart development and normal cardiac morphogenesis. Plays an important role in the regulation of sprouting angiogenesis and vascular maturation. Inhibits sprouting angiogenesis to prevent excessive sprouting during blood vessel development. Required for normal egress of mature T-cells from the thymus into the blood stream and into peripheral lymphoid organs. Plays a role in the migration of osteoclast precursor cells, the regulation of bone mineralization and bone homeostasis (By similarity). Plays a role in responses to oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine by pulmonary endothelial cells and in the protection against ventilator-induced lung injury.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endosome. Membrane raft. Note=Recruited to caveolin-enriched plasma membrane microdomains in response to oxidized 1-palmitoyl- 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. Ligand binding leads to receptor internalization|
|Tissue Location||Endothelial cells, and to a lesser extent, in vascular smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, melanocytes, and cells of epithelioid origin|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
EDG1 is structurally similar to G protein-coupled receptors and is highly expressed in endothelial cells. It binds the ligand sphingosine-1-phosphate with high affinity and high specificity, and suggested to be involved in the processes that regulate the differentiation of endothelial cells. Activation of this receptor induces cell-cell adhesion.
Dorsam, G., et al., J. Immunol. 171(7):3500-3507 (2003).zu Heringdorf, D.M., et al., Cell. Signal. 15(7):677-687 (2003).Watterson, K.R., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 277(8):5767-5777 (2002).Liu, Y., et al., J. Clin. Invest. 106(8):951-961 (2000).Lee, M.J., et al., Cell 99(3):301-312 (1999).
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