|Other Names||Adenosine kinase, AK, Adenosine 5'-phosphotransferase, ADK|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7091a was selected from the N-term region of human ADK . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||ATP dependent phosphorylation of adenosine and other related nucleoside analogs to monophosphate derivatives. Serves as a potential regulator of concentrations of extracellular adenosine and intracellular adenine nucleotides.|
|Cellular Location||Isoform 1: Nucleus.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed. Highest level in placenta, liver, muscle and kidney|
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Adenosine kinase (ATP:adenosine 5-prime-phosphotransferase) is an abundant enzyme in mammalian tissues that catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-phosphate from ATP to adenosine, thereby serving as a potentially important regulator of concentrations of both extracellular adenosine and intracellular adenine nucleotides. Adenosine has widespread effects on the cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory, and immune systems and inhibitors of ADK could play an important pharmacological role in increasing intravascular adenosine concentrations and acting as antiinflammatory agents. The encoded protein does not present any sequence similarities to other well-characterized mammalian nucleoside kinases. In contrast, 2 regions were identified with significant sequence identity to microbial ribokinase and fructokinases and a bacterial inosine/guanosine kinase. Thus, ADK is a structurally distinct mammalian nucleoside kinase that appears to be akin to sugar kinases of microbial origin. Animal studies have demonstrated that a deficiency of adenosine metabolism a powerful contributor to the development of neonatal hepatic steatosis, providing a model for the rapid development of postnatally lethal fatty liver.
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