|Other Names||[3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase, mitochondrial, Branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase kinase, BCKD-kinase, BCKDHKIN, BCKDK|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7112a was selected from the Center region of human BCKDK. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the phosphorylation and inactivation of the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex, the key regulatory enzyme of the valine, leucine and isoleucine catabolic pathways. Key enzyme that regulate the activity state of the BCKD complex.|
|Cellular Location||Mitochondrion matrix. Mitochondrion|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The second major step in the catabolism of the branched-chain amino acids, isoleucine, leucine, and valine, is irreversibly catalyzed by the branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex (BCKD), an inner-mitochondrial enzyme complex composed of 3 catalytic components: a branched-chain alpha-keto acid decarboxylase (E1), a dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2), and a dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). The complex also contains 2 enzymes that regulated the state of activity of the BCKD complex: a kinase (BCKDK), and a phosphorylase. The ubiquitiously expressed kinase contains 1 histidine kinase domain. Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a pathology secondary to an enzyme defect in the catabolic pathway of leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Accumulation of these amino acids and their corresponding keto acids results in encephalopathy and progressive neurodegeneration in infants not treated for MSUD.
Chang, C.F., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 277(18):15865-15873 (2002).Popov, K.M., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 267(19):13127-13130 (1992).Zneimer, S.M., et al., Genomics 10(3):740-747 (1991).
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