|Other Names||Sphingosine kinase 1, SK 1, SPK 1, SPHK1, SPHK, SPK|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7237a was selected from the N-term region of human SPHK1 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the phosphorylation of sphingosine to form sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP), a lipid mediator with both intra- and extracellular functions. Also acts on D-erythro-sphingosine and to a lesser extent sphinganine, but not other lipids, such as D,L-threo-dihydrosphingosine, N,N-dimethylsphingosine, diacylglycerol, ceramide, or phosphatidylinositol.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane. Note=Translocated from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane in a CIB1-dependent manner|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed with highest levels in adult liver, kidney, heart and skeletal muscle|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Sphingosine Kinase (SphK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of the lipid sphingosine, creating the bioactive lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). S1P subsequently signals through cell surface G protein-coupled receptors, as well as intracellularly, to modulate cell proliferation, survival, motility and differentiation. SphK is an important signaling enzyme which is activated by diverse agents, including growth factors that signal through receptor tyrosine kinases, agents activating G protein-coupled receptors, and immunoglobulin receptors. Two SphK isotypes, SphK-1 and SphK-2, have been cloned, and both isotypes are ubiquitously expressed. SphK-1 has been shown to mediate cell growth, prevention of apoptosis, and cellular transformation, and is upregulated in a variety of human tumors. In contrast, SphK-2 increases apoptosis, and may be responsible for phosphorylating and activating the immunosuppressive drug FTY720.
Ota, T., et al., Nat. Genet. 36(1):40-45 (2004).Nava, V.E., et al., FEBS Lett. 473(1):81-84 (2000).Melendez, A.J., et al., Gene 251(1):19-26 (2000).Pitson, S.M., et al., Biochem. J. 350 Pt 2, 429-441 (2000).
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