|Other Names||Protein CASC3, Cancer susceptibility candidate gene 3 protein, Metastatic lymph node gene 51 protein, MLN 51, Protein barentsz, Btz, CASC3, MLN51|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7264d was selected from the Y181 region of human CASC3. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Core component of the splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) deposited at splice junctions on mRNAs. The EJC is a dynamic structure consisting of core proteins and several peripheral nuclear and cytoplasmic associated factors that join the complex only transiently either during EJC assembly or during subsequent mRNA metabolism. The EJC marks the position of the exon-exon junction in the mature mRNA for the gene expression machinery and the core components remain bound to spliced mRNAs throughout all stages of mRNA metabolism thereby influencing downstream processes including nuclear mRNA export, subcellular mRNA localization, translation efficiency and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Stimulates the ATPase and RNA- helicase activities of EIF4A3. Plays a role in the stress response by participating in cytoplasmic stress granules assembly and by favoring cell recovery following stress. Component of the dendritic ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) in hippocampal neurons. May play a role in mRNA transport. Binds spliced mRNA in sequence-independent manner, 20-24 nucleotides upstream of mRNA exon-exon junctions. Binds poly(G) and poly(U) RNA homopolymer.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Nucleus. Nucleus speckle. Note=Predominantly found in the perinuclear region (By similarity). Shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in a CRM1-dependent manner. Travels to the cytoplasm as part of the exon junction complex (EJC) bound to mRNA. Shuttles between the cytoplasm and the stress granules. More specifically found in nuclear intrachromatin granules clusters (IGC), also called nuclear speckles, which are storage compartments for nuclear proteins involved in mRNA processing. Colocalizes in nuclear speckles with MAGOH. Under stress condition, colocalizes with FMR1 and TIA1, but not MAGOH and RBM8A EJC core factors, in cytoplasmic stress granules, which contain stored mRNAs whose translation is stopped in response to stress.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed. Overexpressed in breast cancers and metastasis, as well as in gastric cancers|
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Component of the dendritic ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) in hippocampal neurons. May play a role in mRNA transport.
Macchi,P., J. Neurosci. 23 (13), 5778-5788 (2003)Degot,S., Oncogene 21 (28), 4422-4434 (2002)
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