|Other Names||Mitogen-activated protein kinase 4, MAP kinase 4, MAPK 4, Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 4, ERK-4, MAP kinase isoform p63, p63-MAPK, MAPK4, ERK4, PRKM4|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7503a was selected from the C-term region of human ERK4 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Atypical MAPK protein. Phosphorylates microtubule- associated protein 2 (MAP2) and MAPKAPK5. The precise role of the complex formed with MAPKAPK5 is still unclear, but the complex follows a complex set of phosphorylation events: upon interaction with atypical MAPKAPK5, ERK4/MAPK4 is phosphorylated at Ser-186 and then mediates phosphorylation and activation of MAPKAPK5, which in turn phosphorylates ERK4/MAPK4. May promote entry in the cell cycle (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Translocates to the cytoplasm following interaction with MAPKAPK5.|
|Tissue Location||High expression in heart and brain.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Protein kinases are enzymes that transfer a phosphate group from a phosphate donor, generally the g phosphate of ATP, onto an acceptor amino acid in a substrate protein. By this basic mechanism, protein kinases mediate most of the signal transduction in eukaryotic cells, regulating cellular metabolism, transcription, cell cycle progression, cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell movement, apoptosis, and differentiation. With more than 500 gene products, the protein kinase family is one of the largest families of proteins in eukaryotes. The family has been classified in 8 major groups based on sequence comparison of their tyrosine (PTK) or serine/threonine (STK) kinase catalytic domains. The CMGC group consists of 60 kinases including the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and close relatives family, the MAP kinase (ERK) family, the glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) family, and the Cdc2-like kinase (CLK) family.
Robinson, M.J., et al., Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 9(2):180-186 (1997).Davis, R.J., Mol. Reprod. Dev. 42(4):459-467 (1995).Seger, R., et al., FASEB J. 9(9):726-735 (1995).Li, L., et al., Oncogene 9(2):647-649 (1994).Zhu, A.X., et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 14(12):8202-8211 (1994).
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