|Other Names||Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, NGAL, 25 kDa alpha-2-microglobulin-related subunit of MMP-9, Lipocalin-2, Oncogene 24p3, Siderocalin LCN2, p25, LCN2, HNL, NGAL|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7785a was selected from the N-term region of human LCN2. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Iron-trafficking protein involved in multiple processes such as apoptosis, innate immunity and renal development. Binds iron through association with 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5- DHBA), a siderophore that shares structural similarities with bacterial enterobactin, and delivers or removes iron from the cell, depending on the context. Iron-bound form (holo-24p3) is internalized following binding to the SLC22A17 (24p3R) receptor, leading to release of iron and subsequent increase of intracellular iron concentration. In contrast, association of the iron-free form (apo-24p3) with the SLC22A17 (24p3R) receptor is followed by association with an intracellular siderophore, iron chelation and iron transfer to the extracellular medium, thereby reducing intracellular iron concentration. Involved in apoptosis due to interleukin-3 (IL3) deprivation: iron-loaded form increases intracellular iron concentration without promoting apoptosis, while iron-free form decreases intracellular iron levels, inducing expression of the proapoptotic protein BCL2L11/BIM, resulting in apoptosis. Involved in innate immunity, possibly by sequestrating iron, leading to limit bacterial growth.|
|Cellular Location||Secreted. Note=Upon binding to the SLC22A17 (24p3R) receptor, it is internalized|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in bone marrow and in tissues that are prone to exposure to microorganism. High expression is found in bone marrow as well as in uterus, prostate, salivary gland, stomach, appendix, colon, trachea and lung. Not found in the small intestine or peripheral blood leukocytes|
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Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL; also called lipocalin 2, siderocalin and neutrophil lipocalin) is a member of the lipocalin family of proteins which bind and transport small lipophilic molecules. NGAL is released by activated neutrophils and occurs as 25-kDa glycosylated single protein chain monomers, which form dimers and small amounts of higher oligomers, as well as complexes with matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9; gelatinase B). Low level expression of NGAL in a variety of epithelia may be increased in inflammation or cancers. The expression and release of NGAL from renal tubules are dramatically increased by ischemic or nephrotoxic injury.
Iannetti,A., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (37), 14058-14063 (2008)Tong,Z., Cancer Res. 68 (15), 6100-6108 (2008)Bolignano,D., Kidney Blood Press. Res. 31 (4), 274-279 (2008)
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