|Other Names||Glycine--tRNA ligase, Diadenosine tetraphosphate synthetase, AP-4-A synthetase, Glycyl-tRNA synthetase, GlyRS, GARS|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7952b was selected from the C-term region of human GARS. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the attachment of glycine to tRNA(Gly). Is also able produce diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A), a universal pleiotropic signaling molecule needed for cell regulation pathways, by direct condensation of 2 ATPs.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Cell projection, axon Note=Associated with granules in cultured neuron cells|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed, including brain and spinal cord.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
GARS is a glycyl-tRNA synthetase, one of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases that charge tRNAs with their cognate amino acids. This protein is an (alpha)2 dimer which belongs to the class II family of tRNA synthetases. The protein has been shown to be a target of autoantibodies in the human autoimmune diseases, polymyositis or dermatomyositis.
Shiba K., Schimmel P.J. Biol. Chem. 269:30049-30055(1994) Antonellis A., Ellsworth R.E.Am. J. Hum. Genet. 72:1293-1299(2003)
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