|Other Names||Tribbles homolog 3, TRB-3, Neuronal cell death-inducible putative kinase, SINK, p65-interacting inhibitor of NF-kappa-B, TRIB3, C20orf97, NIPK, SKIP3, TRB3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP8157b was selected from the C-term region of human NPK . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||C20orf97, NIPK, SKIP3, TRB3|
|Function||Disrupts insulin signaling by binding directly to Akt kinases and blocking their activation. May bind directly to and mask the 'Thr-308' phosphorylation site in AKT1. Binds to ATF4 and inhibits its transcriptional activation activity. Interacts with the NF-kappa-B transactivator p65 RELA and inhibits its phosphorylation and thus its transcriptional activation activity. Interacts with MAPK kinases and regulates activation of MAP kinases. May play a role in programmed neuronal cell death but does not appear to affect non-neuronal cells. Does not display kinase activity. Inhibits the transcriptional activity of DDIT3/CHOP and is involved in DDIT3/CHOP-dependent cell death during ER stress. Can inhibit APOBEC3A editing of nuclear DNA.|
|Tissue Location||Highest expression in liver, pancreas, peripheral blood leukocytes and bone marrow. Also highly expressed in a number of primary lung, colon and breast tumors. Expressed in spleen, thymus, and prostate and is undetectable in other examined tissues, including testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, leukocyte, heart, brain, placenta, lung, skeletal muscle, and kidney.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NPK is a putative protein kinase that is induced by the transcription factor NF-kappaB. The encoded protein is a negative regulator of NF-kappaB and can also sensitize cells to TNF- and TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In addition, this protein can negatively regulate the cell survival serine-threonine kinase AKT1.
Wu, M., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 278(29):27072-27079 (2003).Du, K., et al., Science 300(5625):1574-1577 (2003).Bowers, A.J., et al., Oncogene 22(18):2823-2835 (2003).
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