|Other Names||Ataxin-3, Machado-Joseph disease protein 1, Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 protein, ATXN3, ATX3, MJD, MJD1, SCA3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP9244c was selected from the Center region of human ATXN3. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||ATX3, MJD, MJD1, SCA3|
|Function||Deubiquitinating enzyme involved in protein homeostasis maintenance, transcription, cytoskeleton regulation, myogenesis and degradation of misfolded chaperone substrates (PubMed:12297501, PubMed:17696782, PubMed:23625928, PubMed:28445460, PubMed:16118278). Binds long polyubiquitin chains and trims them, while it has weak or no activity against chains of 4 or less ubiquitins (PubMed:17696782). Involved in degradation of misfolded chaperone substrates via its interaction with STUB1/CHIP: recruited to monoubiquitinated STUB1/CHIP, and restricts the length of ubiquitin chain attached to STUB1/CHIP substrates and preventing further chain extension (By similarity). Interacts with key regulators of transcription and represses transcription: acts as a histone-binding protein that regulates transcription (PubMed:12297501). Regulates autophagy via the deubiquitination of 'Lys-402' of BECN1 leading to the stabilization of BECN1 (PubMed:28445460).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus matrix. Note=Predominantly nuclear, but not exclusively, inner nuclear matrix|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
ATXN3 was known as spinocerebellar ataxia-3, is an autosomal dominant neurologic disorder. The protein contains (CAG)n repeats in the coding region, and the expansion of these repeats from the normal 13-36 to 68-79 is one cause of Machado-Joseph disease. There is a negative correlation between the age of onset and CAG repeat numbers.
Reina,C.P., et.al, Hum. Mol. Genet. 19 (2), 235-249 (2010)Jung,J., et.al, Hum. Mol. Genet. 18 (24), 4843-4852 (2009)
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