|Other Names||Lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1, LPC acyltransferase 1, LPCAT-1, LysoPC acyltransferase 1, 1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase, 1-alkylglycerophosphocholine O-acetyltransferase, Acetyl-CoA:lyso-platelet-activating factor acetyltransferase, Acetyl-CoA:lyso-PAF acetyltransferase, Lyso-PAF acetyltransferase, LysoPAFAT, Acyltransferase-like 2, Phosphonoformate immuno-associated protein 3, LPCAT1, AYTL2, PFAAP3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP9310b was selected from the C-term region of human PCAT1. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities (PubMed:16864775, PubMed:21498505). Activity is calcium-independent (By similarity). Mediates the conversion of 1- acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC) (PubMed:21498505). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively (PubMed:16704971). May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology (PubMed:16864775). Involved in the regulation of lipid droplet number and size (PubMed:25491198).|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Golgi apparatus membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Lipid droplet. Note=May adopt a monotopic topology when embedded in the lipid monolayer of the lipid droplet, with both termini exposed to the cytoplasm|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
PCAT1 acyltransferase (LPCAT; EC 22.214.171.124) catalyzes the conversion of LPC to hosphatidylcholine (PC) in the remodeling pathway of PC biosynthesis.
Harayama,T., et.al., J. Lipid Res. 50 (9), 1824-1831 (2009)Mansilla,F., et.al., J. Mol. Med. 87 (1), 85-97 (2009)
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