|Other Names||Glutathione peroxidase 2, GPx-2, GSHPx-2, Gastrointestinal glutathione peroxidase, Glutathione peroxidase-gastrointestinal, GPx-GI, GSHPx-GI, Glutathione peroxidase-related protein 2, GPRP-2, GPX2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Could play a major role in protecting mammals from the toxicity of ingested organic hydroperoxides. Tert-butyl hydroperoxide, cumene hydroperoxide and linoleic acid hydroperoxide but not phosphatidycholine hydroperoxide, can act as acceptors.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Note=Mainly cytoplasmic.|
|Tissue Location||Mostly in liver and gastrointestinal tract, not found in heart or kidney|
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This gene is a member of the glutathione peroxidase family and encodes a selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase that is one of two isoenzymes responsible for the majority of the glutathione-dependent hydrogen peroxide-reducing activity in the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies in knockout mice indicate that mRNA expression levels respond to luminal microflora, suggesting a role of the ileal glutathione peroxidases in preventing inflammation in the GI tract.
Moyer, A.M., et al. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 19(3):811-821(2010)Guey, L.T., et al. Eur. Urol. 57(2):283-292(2010)Hosgood, H.D. III, et al. Occup Environ Med 66(12):848-853(2009)Hosgood, H.D. III, et al. Respir Med 103(12):1866-1870(2009)Liang, X.S., et al. Br. J. Haematol. 146(4):418-423(2009)
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