|Other Names||Ubiquitin-like-conjugating enzyme ATG3, 632-, Autophagy-related protein 3, APG3-like, hApg3, Protein PC3-96, ATG3, APG3, APG3L|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||E2 conjugating enzyme required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy, and mitochondrial homeostasis. Responsible for the E2-like covalent binding of phosphatidylethanolamine to the C-terminal Gly of ATG8-like proteins (GABARAP, GABARAPL1, GABARAPL2 or MAP1LC3A). The ATG12- ATG5 conjugate plays a role of an E3 and promotes the transfer of ATG8-like proteins from ATG3 to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). This step is required for the membrane association of ATG8-like proteins. The formation of the ATG8-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugates is essential for autophagy and for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt). Preferred substrate is MAP1LC3A. Also acts as an autocatalytic E2-like enzyme, catalyzing the conjugation of ATG12 to itself, ATG12 conjugation to ATG3 playing a role in mitochondrial homeostasis but not in autophagy. ATG7 (E1-like enzyme) facilitates this reaction by forming an E1-E2 complex with ATG3. Promotes primary ciliogenesis by removing OFD1 from centriolar satellites via the autophagic pathway.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed, with a highest expression in heart, skeletal muscle, kidney, liver and placenta|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Autophagy is a process of bulk degradation of cytoplasmic components by the lysosome or vacuole. Human ATG3 displays the same enzymatic characteristics in vitro as yeast Apg3, a protein-conjugating enzyme essential for autophagy.
Ewing, R.M., et al. Mol. Syst. Biol. 3, 89 (2007) :Tanida, I., et al. FEBS J. 273(11):2553-2562(2006)Rush, J., et al. Nat. Biotechnol. 23(1):94-101(2005)Tanida, I., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 279(46):47704-47710(2004)Brill, L.M., et al. Anal. Chem. 76(10):2763-2772(2004)
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