|Other Names||Phosphatidylcholine-sterol acyltransferase, Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase, Phospholipid-cholesterol acyltransferase, LCAT|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Central enzyme in the extracellular metabolism of plasma lipoproteins. Synthesized mainly in the liver and secreted into plasma where it converts cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) to cholesteryl esters and lysophosphatidylcholines on the surface of high and low density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs) (PubMed:10329423, PubMed:19065001, PubMed:26195816). The cholesterol ester is then transported back to the liver. Has a preference for plasma 16:0-18:2 or 18:O-18:2 phosphatidylcholines (PubMed:8820107). Also produced in the brain by primary astrocytes, and esterifies free cholesterol on nascent APOE- containing lipoproteins secreted from glia and influences cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) APOE- and APOA1 levels. Together with APOE and the cholesterol transporter ABCA1, plays a key role in the maturation of glial-derived, nascent lipoproteins. Required for remodeling high-density lipoprotein particles into their spherical forms (PubMed:10722751).|
|Cellular Location||Secreted. Note=Secreted into blood plasma (PubMed:3458198, PubMed:8820107, PubMed:10222237). Produced in astrocytes and secreted into cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)|
|Tissue Location||Detected in blood plasma (PubMed:3458198, PubMed:8820107, PubMed:10222237). Detected in cerebral spinal fluid (at protein level) (PubMed:10222237). Detected in liver (PubMed:3797244, PubMed:3458198). Expressed mainly in brain, liver and testes.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
LCAT encodes the extracellular cholesterol esterifying enzyme, lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase. The esterification of cholesterol is required for cholesterol transport.
Weissglas-Volkov, D., et al. Circ Cardiovasc Genet 3(1):31-38(2010)McGeachie, M., et al. Circulation 120(24):2448-2454(2009)Chen, S.N., et al. BMC Med. Genet. 10, 111 (2009) :Voora, D., et al. Circ Cardiovasc Genet 1(2):100-106(2008)
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