|Description||GDF-3 is a member of the TGF-β superfamily of growth and differentiation factors, and is highly homologous to GDF-9. Unlike most TGF-β family members, GDF-3 and GDF-9 are not disulfide-linked dimers. GDF-3 is expressed in adult bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and adipose tissue. The expression of GDF-3 is upregulated in high-fat-fed wild-type FABP4/aP2 null mice and was associated with obesity, but not with the related hyperglycemia/hyperinsulinemia which characterizes Type 2 diabetes. Recombinant human GDF-3 is a 26.0 kDa non-disulfide-linked homodimer containing two 114 amino acid polypeptide chains.|
|BiologicalActivity||Determined by its ability to inhibit induced alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC-5 chondrogenic cells. The ED50 for this effect is 100-150 ng/ml.|
|Authenticity||Verified by N-terminal and Mass Spectrometry analyses (when applicable).|
|Endotoxin||Endotoxin level is <0.1 ng/ µg of protein (<1EU/ µg).|
|Protein Content||Verified by UV Spectroscopy and/or SDS-PAGE gel.|
|Precautions||Animal-Free Recombinant Human GDF-3 is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
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