|Application ||WB, IHC-P, ICC|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2(MSH2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Reconstitution||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Other Names||DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2, hMSH2, MutS protein homolog 2, MSH2|
|Calculated MW||104743 MW KDa|
|Application Details||Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1 µg/ml, Human, -|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1 µg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5 µg/ml, Human, Mouse
|Subcellular Localization||Nucleus .|
|Tissue Specificity||Ubiquitously expressed. .|
|Protein Name||DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||E.coli-derived human MSH2 recombinant protein (Position: Q337-N583). Human MSH2 shares 94% and 93% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with mouse and rat MSH2, respectively.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After r˚Constitution, at 4˚C for one month. It˚Can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the DNA mismatch repair MutS family.|
|Function||Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Forms two different heterodimers: MutS alpha (MSH2- MSH6 heterodimer) and MutS beta (MSH2-MSH3 heterodimer) which binds to DNA mismatches thereby initiating DNA repair. When bound, heterodimers bend the DNA helix and shields approximately 20 base pairs. MutS alpha recognizes single base mismatches and dinucleotide insertion-deletion loops (IDL) in the DNA. MutS beta recognizes larger insertion-deletion loops up to 13 nucleotides long. After mismatch binding, MutS alpha or beta forms a ternary complex with the MutL alpha heterodimer, which is thought to be responsible for directing the downstream MMR events, including strand discrimination, excision, and resynthesis. ATP binding and hydrolysis play a pivotal role in mismatch repair functions. The ATPase activity associated with MutS alpha regulates binding similar to a molecular switch: mismatched DNA provokes ADP-->ATP exchange, resulting in a discernible conformational transition that converts MutS alpha into a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone. This transition is crucial for mismatch repair. MutS alpha may also play a role in DNA homologous recombination repair. In melanocytes may modulate both UV-B-induced cell cycle regulation and apoptosis.|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed.|
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DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2, also known as MutS protein homolog 2 or MSH2, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MSH2 gene, which is located on chromosome 2. MSH2 is a tumor suppressor gene and more specifically a caretaker gene that codes for a DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein, MSH2 which forms aheterodimer with MSH6 to make the human MutSÎ± mismatch repair complex. It also dimerizes with MSH3 to form the MutSÎ² DNA repair complex. MSH2 is involved in many different forms of DNA repair, including transcription-coupled repair, homologous recombination, and base excision repair. It has been found that MSH2 may also be a coactivator of ESR1-dependent gene expression.
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