|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IHC-F|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase (VCP) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Reconstitution||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Other Names||Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase, TER ATPase, 18.104.22.168, 15S Mg(2+)-ATPase p97 subunit, Valosin-containing protein, VCP, VCP|
|Calculated MW||89322 MW KDa|
|Application Details||Immunohistochemistry(Frozen Section), 0.5-1 µg/ml, Mouse, Rat, -|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1 µg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5 µg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Endoplasmic reticulum. Nucleus. Present in the neuronal hyaline inclusion bodies specifically found in motor neurons from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Present in the Lewy bodies specifically found in neurons from Parkinson disease patients. Recruited to the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum via interaction with AMFR/gp78. Following DNA double-strand breaks, recruited to the sites of damage. Recruited to stalled replication forks via interaction with SPRTN.|
|Protein Name||Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human VCP (732-760aa RRDHFEEAMRFARRSVSDNDIRKYEMFAQ), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After r˚Constitution, at 4˚C for one month. It˚Can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the AAA ATPase family.|
|Function||Necessary for the fragmentation of Golgi stacks during mitosis and for their reassembly after mitosis. Involved in the formation of the transitional endoplasmic reticulum (tER). The transfer of membranes from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus occurs via 50-70 nm transition vesicles which derive from part-rough, part-smooth transitional elements of the endoplasmic reticulum (tER). Vesicle budding from the tER is an ATP-dependent process. The ternary complex containing UFD1, VCP and NPLOC4 binds ubiquitinated proteins and is necessary for the export of misfolded proteins from the ER to the cytoplasm, where they are degraded by the proteasome. The NPLOC4-UFD1-VCP complex regulates spindle disassembly at the end of mitosis and is necessary for the formation of a closed nuclear envelope. Regulates E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of RNF19A. Component of the VCP/p97-AMFR/gp78 complex that participates in the final step of the sterol-mediated ubiquitination and endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of HMGCR. Involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced pre-emptive quality control, a mechanism that selectively attenuates the translocation of newly synthesized proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum and reroutes them to the cytosol for proteasomal degradation (PubMed:26565908). Also involved in DNA damage response: recruited to double-strand breaks (DSBs) sites in a RNF8- and RNF168-dependent manner and promotes the recruitment of TP53BP1 at DNA damage sites (PubMed:22020440, PubMed:22120668). Recruited to stalled replication forks by SPRTN: may act by mediating extraction of DNA polymerase eta (POLH) to prevent excessive translesion DNA synthesis and limit the incidence of mutations induced by DNA damage (PubMed:23042607, PubMed:23042605). Required for cytoplasmic retrotranslocation of stressed/damaged mitochondrial outer-membrane proteins and their subsequent proteasomal degradation (PubMed:16186510, PubMed:21118995). Essential for the maturation of ubiquitin- containing autophagosomes and the clearance of ubiquitinated protein by autophagy (PubMed:20104022, PubMed:27753622). Acts as a negative regulator of type I interferon production by interacting with DDX58/RIG-I: interaction takes place when DDX58/RIG-I is ubiquitinated via 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin on its CARD domains, leading to recruit RNF125 and promote ubiquitination and degradation of DDX58/RIG-I (PubMed:26471729). May play a role in the ubiquitin-dependent sorting of membrane proteins to lysosomes where they undergo degradation (PubMed:21822278). May more particularly play a role in caveolins sorting in cells (PubMed:21822278, PubMed:23335559). By controlling the steady- state expression of the IGF1R receptor, indirectly regulates the insulin-like growth factor receptor signaling pathway (PubMed:26692333).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Endoplasmic reticulum. Nucleus Note=Present in the neuronal hyaline inclusion bodies specifically found in motor neurons from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients (PubMed:15456787). Present in the Lewy bodies specifically found in neurons from Parkinson disease patients (PubMed:15456787) Recruited to the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum via interaction with AMFR/gp78 (PubMed:16168377). Following DNA double-strand breaks, recruited to the sites of damage (PubMed:22120668). Recruited to stalled replication forks via interaction with SPRTN (PubMed:23042605). Recruited to damaged lysosomes decorated with K48-linked ubiquitin chains (PubMed:27753622).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Valosin-containing protein also called CDC48 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the VCP gene. It is a member of the AAA+ (ATPase associated with various activities) protein family. The VCP gene maps to chromosome 9p13.3. It is necessary for the fragmentation of Golgi stacks during mitosis and for their reassembly after mitosis. It is involved in the formation of the transitional endoplasmic reticulum. This gene plays a role in vesicle transport and fusion, 26S proteasome function, and assembly of peroxisomes. It also involved in DNA damage response: recruited to double-strand breaks (DSBs) sites in a RNF8- and RNF168-dependent manner and promotes the recruitment of TP53BP1 at DNA damage sites.
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