|Application ||WB, IHC-P|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cyclin-dependent kinase 2(CDK2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Reconstitution||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Other Names||Cyclin-dependent kinase 2, 126.96.36.199, Cell division protein kinase 2, p33 protein kinase, CDK2, CDKN2|
|Calculated MW||33930 MW KDa|
|Application Details||Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1 µg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5 µg/ml, Human, Rat
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Nucleus, Cajal body. Cytoplasm. Endosome. Localized at the centrosomes in late G2 phase after separation of the centrosomes but before the start of prophase. Nuclear-cytoplasmic trafficking is mediated during the inhibition by 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3).|
|Protein Name||Cyclin-dependent kinase 2|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||E.coli-derived human Cdk2 recombinant protein (Position: E81-L298). Human Cdk2 shares 98.6% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with rat Cdk2.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After r˚Constitution, at 4˚C for one month. It˚Can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC2/CDKX subfamily.|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in the control of the cell cycle; essential for meiosis, but dispensable for mitosis. Phosphorylates CTNNB1, USP37, p53/TP53, NPM1, CDK7, RB1, BRCA2, MYC, NPAT, EZH2. Triggers duplication of centrosomes and DNA. Acts at the G1-S transition to promote the E2F transcriptional program and the initiation of DNA synthesis, and modulates G2 progression; controls the timing of entry into mitosis/meiosis by controlling the subsequent activation of cyclin B/CDK1 by phosphorylation, and coordinates the activation of cyclin B/CDK1 at the centrosome and in the nucleus. Crucial role in orchestrating a fine balance between cellular proliferation, cell death, and DNA repair in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Activity of CDK2 is maximal during S phase and G2; activated by interaction with cyclin E during the early stages of DNA synthesis to permit G1-S transition, and subsequently activated by cyclin A2 (cyclin A1 in germ cells) during the late stages of DNA replication to drive the transition from S phase to mitosis, the G2 phase. EZH2 phosphorylation promotes H3K27me3 maintenance and epigenetic gene silencing. Phosphorylates CABLES1 (By similarity). Cyclin E/CDK2 prevents oxidative stress-mediated Ras-induced senescence by phosphorylating MYC. Involved in G1-S phase DNA damage checkpoint that prevents cells with damaged DNA from initiating mitosis; regulates homologous recombination-dependent repair by phosphorylating BRCA2, this phosphorylation is low in S phase when recombination is active, but increases as cells progress towards mitosis. In response to DNA damage, double-strand break repair by homologous recombination a reduction of CDK2- mediated BRCA2 phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of RB1 disturbs its interaction with E2F1. NPM1 phosphorylation by cyclin E/CDK2 promotes its dissociates from unduplicated centrosomes, thus initiating centrosome duplication. Cyclin E/CDK2-mediated phosphorylation of NPAT at G1-S transition and until prophase stimulates the NPAT-mediated activation of histone gene transcription during S phase. Required for vitamin D-mediated growth inhibition by being itself inactivated. Involved in the nitric oxide- (NO) mediated signaling in a nitrosylation/activation-dependent manner. USP37 is activated by phosphorylation and thus triggers G1-S transition. CTNNB1 phosphorylation regulates insulin internalization. Phosphorylates FOXP3 and negatively regulates its transcriptional activity and protein stability (By similarity). Phosphorylates CDK2AP2 (PubMed:12944431).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Nucleus, Cajal body. Cytoplasm Endosome. Note=Localized at the centrosomes in late G2 phase after separation of the centrosomes but before the start of prophase Nuclear-cytoplasmic trafficking is mediated during the inhibition by 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)|
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CDK2, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase2, is also known as P33. The CDK2 protein was highly homologous to p34(CDC2) kinase and more significantly homologous to Xenopus Eg1 kinase, suggesting that CDK2 is the human homolog of Eg1. The CDK2 gene is mapped to 12q13, the same region to which the CDK4 gene maps. Human cyclin A binds independently to 2 kinases, p34(cdc2) or p33. In adenovirus-transformed cells, the viral E1A oncoprotein seems to associate with p33/cyclin A but not with p34(cdc2)/cyclin A. The gene for p33 shares 65% sequence identity with p34(cdc2). P33(cdk2) plays a unique role in cell cycle regulation of vertebrate cells.
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