|Application ||WB, FC, E|
|Isotype||Human IgG1, kappa|
|Calculated MW||108266 Da|
|Other Names||EphA2, Epithelial cell kinase, Tyrosine-protein kinase receptor ECK|
|Formulation||200 µg affinity purified human antibody in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 0.02% Proclin 300|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||Anti-Human Ephrin Type A receptor 2 (1C1), Human IgG1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor tyrosine kinase which binds promiscuously membrane-bound ephrin-A family ligands residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. Activated by the ligand ephrin-A1/EFNA1 regulates migration, integrin-mediated adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of cells. Regulates cell adhesion and differentiation through DSG1/desmoglein-1 and inhibition of the ERK1/ERK2 (MAPK3/MAPK1, respectively) signaling pathway. May also participate in UV radiation-induced apoptosis and have a ligand- independent stimulatory effect on chemotactic cell migration. During development, may function in distinctive aspects of pattern formation and subsequently in development of several fetal tissues. Involved for instance in angiogenesis, in early hindbrain development and epithelial proliferation and branching morphogenesis during mammary gland development. Engaged by the ligand ephrin-A5/EFNA5 may regulate lens fiber cells shape and interactions and be important for lens transparency development and maintenance. With ephrin-A2/EFNA2 may play a role in bone remodeling through regulation of osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell projection, ruffle membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell projection, lamellipodium membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell junction, focal adhesion. Note=Present at regions of cell- cell contacts but also at the leading edge of migrating cells (PubMed:19573808, PubMed:20861311). Relocates from the plasma membrane to the cytoplasmic and perinuclear regions in cancer cells (PubMed:18794797).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in brain and glioma tissue and glioma cell lines (at protein level). Expressed most highly in tissues that contain a high proportion of epithelial cells, e.g skin, intestine, lung, and ovary.|
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This antibody binds to human Ephrin type-A receptor 2, a receptor tyrosine kinase that binds to membrane-bound ephrin-A ligands residing on adjacent cells, triggering contact-dependent signaling into neighboring cells. Involved in pattern formation during development, angiogenesis and osteoblastogenesis. Eph2A has also been found to be expressed in a variety of cancers. This antibody acts as an agonist of Eph2A signaling.
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