|Application ||WB, IF, FC, E|
|Isotype||Mouse / IgG2b, kappa|
|Calculated MW||66932 Da|
|Other Names||Kidney oxidase-1; Kidney superoxide-producing NADPH oxidase; KOX-1; NADPH oxidase 4; Nox4; Renal NAD(P)H-oxidase; RENOX|
|Application Note||ELISA (For coating, order Ab without BSA),Flow Cytometry (0.5-1ug/million cells); ,Immunofluorescence (0.5-1ug/ml);,Western Blot (0.5-1ug/ml),Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.|
|Format||200ug/ml of Ab purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G. Prepared in 10mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0mg/ml.|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||Anti-NOX4 / NADPH Oxidase 4 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Constitutive NADPH oxidase which generates superoxide intracellularly upon formation of a complex with CYBA/p22phox. Regulates signaling cascades probably through phosphatases inhibition. May function as an oxygen sensor regulating the KCNK3/TASK-1 potassium channel and HIF1A activity. May regulate insulin signaling cascade. May play a role in apoptosis, bone resorption and lipolysaccharide-mediated activation of NFKB. May produce superoxide in the nucleus and play a role in regulating gene expression upon cell stimulation. Isoform 3 is not functional. Isoform 5 and isoform 6 display reduced activity.|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, focal adhesion. Note=May localize to plasma membrane and focal adhesions. According to PubMed:15927447, may also localize to the nucleus|
|Tissue Location||Expressed by distal tubular cells in kidney cortex and in endothelial cells (at protein level). Widely expressed. Strongly expressed in kidney and to a lower extent in heart, adipocytes, hepatoma, endothelial cells, skeletal muscle, brain, several brain tumor cell lines and airway epithelial cells|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase includes a membrane-bound flavocytochrome containing two subunits, gp91-phox and p22-phox, and the cytosolic proteins p47-phox and p67-phox. During activation of the NADPH oxidase, p47-phox and p67-phox migrate to the plasma membrane where they associate with the flavocytochrome, cytochrome b558, to form the active enzyme complex. The p22 and gp91-phox subunits also function as surface O2 sensors that initiate cellular signaling in response to hypoxic conditions. NOX4 is a renal gp91-phox homolog highly expressed at the site of erythropoietin production in the proximal convoluted tubule epithelial cells of the renal cortex. It is also expressed in fetal tissues, placenta, glioblastoma and vascular cells.
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