|Application ||WB, IHC, FC, E|
|Description||Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. However, the protein encoded by this gene is a member of the membrane-type MMP (MT-MMP) subfamily; each member of this subfamily contains a potential transmembrane domain suggesting that these proteins are expressed at the cell surface rather than secreted. This protein activates MMP2 protein, and this activity may be involved in tumor invasion.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human MMP14 (AA: 112-246) expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Purified antibody in PBS with 0.05% sodium azide|
|Other Names||Matrix metalloproteinase-14, MMP-14, 188.8.131.52, MMP-X1, Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 1, MT-MMP 1, MTMMP1, Membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase, MT1-MMP, MT1MMP, MMP14|
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
FC~~1/200 - 1/400
IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||MMP14 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Endopeptidase that degrades various components of the extracellular matrix such as collagen. Activates progelatinase A. Essential for pericellular collagenolysis and modeling of skeletal and extraskeletal connective tissues during development (By similarity). May be involved in actin cytoskeleton reorganization by cleaving PTK7 (PubMed:20837484). Acts as a positive regulator of cell growth and migration via activation of MMP15. Involved in the formation of the fibrovascular tissues in association with pro-MMP2 (PubMed:12714657). Cleaves ADGRB1 to release vasculostatin-40 which inhibits angiogenesis (PubMed:22330140).|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Melanosome. Cytoplasm Note=Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV. Forms a complex with BST2 and localizes to the cytoplasm|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in stromal cells of colon, breast, and head and neck. Expressed in lung tumors|
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1.Cancer Med. 2013 Aug;2(4):457-67.2.BMC Cancer. 2013 Feb 10;13:74.
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