- CITATIONS: 4
|Application ||WB, E|
|Other Accession||Q5XHH7, Q6NRL6, Q9DBY1|
|Calculated MW||67685 Da|
|Antigen Region||106-138 aa|
|Other Names||E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase synoviolin, 632-, Synovial apoptosis inhibitor 1, SYVN1, HRD1, KIAA1810|
|Target/Specificity||This HRD1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 106-138 amino acids from the N-terminal region of human HRD1.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||HRD1 Antibody (N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Acts as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin specifically from endoplasmic reticulum-associated UBC7 E2 ligase and transfers it to substrates, promoting their degradation (PubMed:12459480, PubMed:12646171, PubMed:12975321, PubMed:14593114, PubMed:16289116, PubMed:16847254, PubMed:17059562, PubMed:17141218, PubMed:17170702, PubMed:22607976, PubMed:26471130). Component of the endoplasmic reticulum quality control (ERQC) system also called ER-associated degradation (ERAD) involved in ubiquitin-dependent degradation of misfolded endoplasmic reticulum proteins (PubMed:12459480, PubMed:12646171, PubMed:12975321, PubMed:14593114, PubMed:16289116, PubMed:16847254, PubMed:17059562, PubMed:17141218, PubMed:17170702, PubMed:22607976, PubMed:26471130). Also promotes the degradation of normal but naturally short-lived proteins such as SGK. Protects cells from ER stress-induced apoptosis. Protects neurons from apoptosis induced by polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin (HTT) or unfolded GPR37 by promoting their degradation (PubMed:17141218). Sequesters p53/TP53 in the cytoplasm and promotes its degradation, thereby negatively regulating its biological function in transcription, cell cycle regulation and apoptosis (PubMed:17170702). Mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of cytoplasmic NFE2L1 (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed, with highest levels in liver and kidney (at protein level). Up-regulated in synovial tissues from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (at protein level).|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
HRD1 encodes a protein involved in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation. The encoded protein removes unfolded proteins, accumulated during ER stress, by retrograde transport to the cytosol from the ER. This protein also uses the ubiquitin-proteasome system for additional degradation of unfolded proteins. This gene and the mitochondrial ribosomal protein L49 gene use in their respective 3' UTRs some of the same genomic sequence.
Bernardi, K.M., et al. Mol. Biol. Cell 21(1):140-151(2010) Ballar, P., et al. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 42(1):167-173(2010) Shmueli, A., et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 390(3):758-762(2009)
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