|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||EAW85351, 119605757|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||114658 Da|
|Application Notes||NOD3 antibody can be used for detection of NOD3 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunofluorescence starting at 20 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||NOD3 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||NOD3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Negative regulator of the innate immune response (PubMed:15705585, PubMed:22863753, PubMed:25277106). Attenuates signaling pathways activated by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the DNA sensor STING/TMEM173 in response to pathogen-associated molecular patterns, such as intracellular poly(dA:dT), but not poly(I:C), or in response to DNA virus infection, including that of Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) (By similarity) (PubMed:22863753). May affect TLR4 signaling by acting at the level of TRAF6 ubiquitination, decreasing the activating 'Lys-63'- linked ubiquitination and leaving unchanged the degradative 'Lys- 48'-linked ubiquitination (PubMed:22863753). Inhibits the PI3K- AKT-mTOR pathway possibly by directly interacting with the posphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit p85 (PIK3R1/PIK3R2) and disrupting the association between PIK3R1/PIK3R2 and the catalytic subunit p110 (PIK3CA/PIK3CB/PIK3CD) and reducing PIK3R1/PIK3R2 activation. Via its regulation of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway, controls cell proliferation, predominantly in intestinal epithelial cells (By similarity). May also affect NOD1- or NOD2-mediated NF-kappa-B activation (PubMed:25277106). Might also affect the inflammatory response by preventing NLRP3 inflammasome formation, CASP1 cleavage and IL1B maturation (PubMed:25277106).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NOD3 Antibody: NOD3 is a member of the NOD (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain) family, a group of proteins that are involved in innate immune defense. NOD3 also known as NLR family CARD containing 3 (NLRC3), is predominantly expressed in the immune system, particularly in T lymphocytes, and its expression is strongly down-regulated following stimulation of the T-cell receptor complex and CD28, suggesting that NOD3 plays a role in attenuating the activation of T cells. NOD3 inhibits NF-kappaB, AP-1 and NFAT transcriptional activation in Jurkat T cells downstream of CD3/CD28 stimulation or treatment with PMA/ionomycin and decreases IL-2 and CD25 mRNA induction in activated cells.
Kufer TA, Banks DJ, and Philpott DJ. Innate immune sensing of microbes by Nod proteins. Ann. NY Acad. Sci.2006; 1072:19-27.
Conti BJ, Davis BK, Zhang J, et al. CATERPILLER 16.2 (CLR16.2), a novel NBD/LRR family member that negatively regulates T cell function. J. Biol. Chem.2005; 280:18375-85.
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