|Other Names||Histone acetyltransferase KAT2A, General control of amino acid synthesis protein 5-like 2, Histone acetyltransferase GCN5, HsGCN5, Lysine acetyltransferase 2A, STAF97, KAT2A, GCN5, GCN5L2, HGCN5|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1078d was selected from the N-term region of human GCN5. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Protein lysine acyltransferase that can act both as a acetyltransferase and succinyltransferase, depending on the context (PubMed:29211711). Acts as a histone lysine succinyltransferase: catalyzes succinylation of histone H3 on 'Lys-79' (H3K79succ), with a maximum frequency around the transcription start sites of genes (PubMed:29211711). Succinylation of histones gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation (PubMed:29211711). Association with the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, which provides succinyl-CoA, is required for histone succinylation (PubMed:29211711). In different complexes, functions either as an acetyltransferase (HAT) or as a succinyltransferase: in the SAGA and ATAC complexes, acts as a histone acetyltransferase (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755, PubMed:29211711). Has significant histone acetyltransferase activity with core histones, but not with nucleosome core particles (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755). Acetylation of histones gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755, PubMed:29211711). Involved in long-term memory consolidation and synaptic plasticity: acts by promoting expression of a hippocampal gene expression network linked to neuroactive receptor signaling (By similarity). Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell activation: upon TCR stimulation, recruited to the IL2 promoter following interaction with NFATC2 and catalyzes acetylation of histone H3 at Lys-9 (H3K9ac), leading to promote IL2 expression (By similarity). Also acetylates non-histone proteins, such as CEBPB, PLK4 and TBX5 (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:29174768, PubMed:27796307). Involved in heart and limb development by mediating acetylation of TBX5, acetylation regulating nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of TBX5 (PubMed:29174768). Acts as a negative regulator of centrosome amplification by mediating acetylation of PLK4 (PubMed:27796307).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus Chromosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=Mainly localizes to the nucleus. Also localizes to centrosomes in late G1 and around the G1/S transition, coinciding with the onset of centriole formation|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in all tissues tested, with most abundant expression in ovary|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
GCN5 functions as a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) to promote transcriptional activation. Acetylation of histones gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation. This protein has significant histone acetyltransferase activity with core histones, but not with nucleosome core particles.
Sabo,A., Mol. Cell. Biol. 28 (7), 2201-2212 (2008)Wiper-Bergeron,N., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104 (8), 2703-2708 (2007)Oishi,H., J. Biol. Chem. 281 (1), 20-26 (2006)Kikuchi,H., Gene 347 (1), 83-97 (2005)
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