|Other Names||Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase type-1 alpha, PIP5K1-alpha, PtdIns(4)P-5-kinase 1 alpha, 68 kDa type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase alpha, Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase type I alpha, PIP5KIalpha, PIP5K1A|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP8037a was selected from the N-term region of human PIP5K1A . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4- phosphate (PtdIns4P) to form phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2). PtdIns(4,5)P2 is involved in a variety of cellular processes and is the substrate to form phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3), another second messenger. The majority of PtdIns(4,5)P2 is thought to occur via type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases given the abundance of PtdIns4P. Participates in a variety of cellular processes such as actin cytoskeleton organization, cell adhesion, migration and phagocytosis. Required for membrane ruffling formation, actin organization and focal adhesion formation during directional cell migration by controlling integrin-induced translocation of RAC1 to the plasma membrane. Together with PIP5K1C is required for phagocytosis, but they regulate different types of actin remodeling at sequential steps. Promotes particle ingestion by activating WAS that induces Arp2/3 dependent actin polymerization at the nascent phagocytic cup. Together with PIP5K1B is required after stimulation of G-protein coupled receptors for stable platelet adhesion. Plays a role during calcium-induced keratinocyte differentiation. Recruited to the plasma membrane by the E-cadherin/beta-catenin complex where it provides the substrate PtdIns(4,5)P2 for the production of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate that mobilize internal calcium and drive keratinocyte differentiation. Together with PIP5K1C have a role during embryogenesis. Functions also in the nucleus where acts as an activator of TUT1 adenylyltransferase activity in nuclear speckles, thereby regulating mRNA polyadenylation of a select set of mRNAs (PubMed:18288197, PubMed:19158393, PubMed:20660631). Positively regulates insulin-induced translocation of SLC2A4 to the cell membrane in adipocytes (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus speckle. Cell projection, ruffle. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Nucleus. Note=Colocalizes with RAC1 at actin-rich membrane ruffles. Localizes to nuclear speckles and associates with TUT1 to regulate polyadenylation of selected mRNAs|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Detected at lower levels in brain, lung and liver|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Protein kinases are enzymes that transfer a phosphate group from a phosphate donor, generally the g phosphate of ATP, onto an acceptor amino acid in a substrate protein. By this basic mechanism, protein kinases mediate most of the signal transduction in eukaryotic cells, regulating cellular metabolism, transcription, cell cycle progression, cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell movement, apoptosis, and differentiation. With more than 500 gene products, the protein kinase family is one of the largest families of proteins in eukaryotes. The family has been classified in 8 major groups based on sequence comparison of their tyrosine (PTK) or serine/threonine (STK) kinase catalytic domains.
Doughman, R.L., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 278(25):23036-23045 (2003).Loijens, J.C., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 271(51):32937-32943 (1996).Xie, Y., et al., Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 88 (3-4), 197-199 (2000).
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