|Calculated MW||16225 Da|
|Other Names||Lactalbumin, Human Milk|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) of antibody in PBS pH 7.2, 0.01 % BSA, 0.03 % ProClin®, and 50 % glycerol.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Precautions||Lactalbumin Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Regulatory subunit of lactose synthase, changes the substrate specificity of galactosyltransferase in the mammary gland making glucose a good acceptor substrate for this enzyme. This enables LS to synthesize lactose, the major carbohydrate component of milk. In other tissues, galactosyltransferase transfers galactose onto the N-acetylglucosamine of the oligosaccharide chains in glycoproteins.|
|Tissue Location||Mammary gland specific. Secreted in milk.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
α-Lactalbumin is an important whey protein in cow's milk, and is also present in the milk of many other mammalian species. In primates, alpha-lactalbumin expression is upregulated in response to the hormone prolactin and increases the production of lactose. α-Lactalbumin forms the regulatory subunit of the lactose synthase (LS) heterodimer and β-1,4-galactosyltransferase (beta4Gal-T1) forms the catalytic component. Together, these proteins enable LS to produce lactose by transferring galactose moieties to glucose. As a monomer, alpha-lactalbumin strongly binds calcium and zinc ions and may possess bactericidal or antitumor activity. When formed into a complex with Gal-T1, a galactosyltransferase, α-lactalbumin, enhances the enzyme's affinity for glucose by about 1000 times, and inhibits the ability to polymerize multiple galactose units. This gives rise to a pathway for forming lactose by converting Gal-TI to Lactose synthase.
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