|Application ||IHC-P, IF, ICC|
|Other Names||Tuberin, Tuberous sclerosis 2 protein, TSC2, TSC4|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Long term: -20°C; Short term: +4°C. Avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Tuberin / TSC2 Antibody (phospho-Ser664) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||In complex with TSC1, this tumor suppressor inhibits the nutrient-mediated or growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of S6K1 and EIF4EBP1 by negatively regulating mTORC1 signaling (PubMed:12271141, PubMed:28215400). Acts as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for the small GTPase RHEB, a direct activator of the protein kinase activity of mTORC1 (PubMed:15340059). May also play a role in microtubule-mediated protein transport (By similarity). Also stimulates the intrinsic GTPase activity of the Ras-related proteins RAP1A and RAB5 (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Note=At steady state found in association with membranes|
|Tissue Location||Liver, brain, heart, lymphocytes, fibroblasts, biliary epithelium, pancreas, skeletal muscle, kidney, lung and placenta|
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In complex with TSC1, inhibits the nutrient-mediated or growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of S6K1 and EIF4EBP1 by negatively regulating mTORC1 signaling. Acts as a GTPase- activating protein (GAP) for the small GTPase RHEB, a direct activator of the protein kinase activity of mTORC1. Implicated as a tumor suppressor. Involved in microtubule-mediated protein transport, but this seems to be due to unregulated mTOR signaling. Stimulates weakly the intrinsic GTPase activity of the Ras-related proteins RAP1A and RAB5 in vitro. Mutations in TSC2 lead to constitutive activation of RAP1A in tumors.
Nellist M.,et al.Cell 75:1305-1315(1993).
Sampson J.R.,et al.Submitted (DEC-1998) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Xu L.,et al.Genomics 27:475-480(1995).
Maheshwar M.M.,et al.Hum. Mol. Genet. 5:131-137(1996).
Corominas R.,et al.Nat. Commun. 5:3650-3650(2014).
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