|Application ||IF, WB, E|
|Other Accession||NP_000539.2, NP_001070651.1|
|Calculated MW||200608 Da|
|Other Names||Tuberin, Tuberous sclerosis 2 protein, TSC2, TSC4|
|Target/Specificity||This TSC2 monoclonal antibody is generated from mouse immunized with TSC2 recombinant protein.|
|Format||Purified monoclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||TSC2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||In complex with TSC1, inhibits the nutrient-mediated or growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of S6K1 and EIF4EBP1 by negatively regulating mTORC1 signaling. Acts as a GTPase- activating protein (GAP) for the small GTPase RHEB, a direct activator of the protein kinase activity of mTORC1. Implicated as a tumor suppressor. Involved in microtubule-mediated protein transport, but this seems to be due to unregulated mTOR signaling. Stimulates weakly the intrinsic GTPase activity of the Ras-related proteins RAP1A and RAB5 in vitro. Mutations in TSC2 lead to constitutive activation of RAP1A in tumors.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Note=At steady state found in association with membranes|
|Tissue Location||Liver, brain, heart, lymphocytes, fibroblasts, biliary epithelium, pancreas, skeletal muscle, kidney, lung and placenta|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Mutations in this gene lead to tuberous sclerosis complex. Its gene product is believed to be a tumor suppressor and is able to stimulate specific GTPases. The protein associates with hamartin in a cytosolic complex, possibly acting as a chaperone for hamartin. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
References for protein:
1.Slattery, M.L., et al. Carcinogenesis 31(9):1604-1611(2010)
2.Larson, Y., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 285(32):24987-24998(2010)
3.Mehta, M.S., et al. Breast Cancer Res. Treat. (2010) In press :
4.Mieulet, V., et al. Trends Mol Med 16(7):329-335(2010)
5.Liu, C.Y., et al. Carcinogenesis 31(7):1259-1263(2010)
References for HeLa cell line:
1. Scherer WF, Syverton JT, Gey GO (May 1953). "Studies on the propagation in vitro of poliomyelitis viruses. IV. Viral multiplication in a stable strain of human malignant epithelial cells (strain HeLa) derived from an epidermoid carcinoma of the cervix". J. Exp. Med. 97 (5): 695–710. [PubMed:13052828].
2. Macville M, Schröck E, Padilla-Nash H, Keck C, Ghadimi BM, Zimonjic D, Popescu N, Ried T (January 1999). "Comprehensive and definitive molecular cytogenetic characterization of HeLa cells by spectral karyotyping". Cancer Res. 59 (1): 141–50. [PubMed: 9892199].
3. Rahbari R, Sheahan T, Modes V, Collier P, Macfarlane C, Badge RM (April 2009). "A novel L1 retrotransposon marker for HeLa cell line identification". BioTechniques 46 (4): 277–84. [PubMed: 19450234].
4. Capes-Davis A, Theodosopoulos G, Atkin I, Drexler HG, Kohara A, MacLeod RA, Masters JR, Nakamura Y, Reid YA, Reddel RR, Freshney RI (July 2010). "Check your cultures! A list of cross-contaminated or misidentified cell lines". Int. J. Cancer 127 (1): 1–8. [PubMed:20143388].
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