- CITATIONS: 1
|Application ||IHC, FC, E|
|Calculated MW||40076 Da|
|Description||CD14 antigen is a GPI-linked glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 55kD. The CD14 antigen is expressed on cells of the myelomonocytic lineage including monocytes, macrophages and Langerhans cells. Low expression is observed on neutrophils and on human B cells. CD14 antigen is a receptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) and the lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP). LBP and CD14 antigen serves two physiological roles. These proteins act as opsonin and opsonic receptor, respectively, to promote the phagocytic uptake of bacteria or LPScoated particles by macrophages.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human CD14 expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Purified antibody in PBS containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, Myeloid cell-specific leucine-rich glycoprotein, CD14, Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, urinary form, Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, membrane-bound form, CD14|
|Dilution||IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000|
FC~~1/200 - 1/400
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||CD14 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Coreceptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (PubMed:1698311, PubMed:23264655). In concert with LBP, binds to monomeric lipopolysaccharide and delivers it to the LY96/TLR4 complex, thereby mediating the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (PubMed:20133493, PubMed:23264655). Acts via MyD88, TIRAP and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response (PubMed:8612135). Acts as a coreceptor for TLR2:TLR6 heterodimer in response to diacylated lipopeptides and for TLR2:TLR1 heterodimer in response to triacylated lipopeptides, these clusters trigger signaling from the cell surface and subsequently are targeted to the Golgi in a lipid-raft dependent pathway (PubMed:16880211). Binds electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) and mediates the cytokine release induced by LDL(-) (PubMed:23880187).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid- anchor, GPI-anchor. Secreted Membrane raft. Golgi apparatus. Note=Secreted forms may arise by cleavage of the GPI anchor.|
|Tissue Location||Detected on macrophages (at protein level) (PubMed:1698311). Expressed strongly on the surface of monocytes and weakly on the surface of granulocytes; also expressed by most tissue macrophages.|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
1. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 2000, 5 : 227-241. 2. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 2000, 5 : 165-185.
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