|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||61154 Da|
|Description||SYK: spleen tyrosine kinase. Syk (72 kDa) is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in immune receptor signal transduction and is implicated in endothelial cell functions, including cell growth and migration. SYK is a positive effector of BCR stimulated responses. It couples the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) to the mobilization of calcium ions either through a phosphoinositide 3 kinase dependent pathway, when not phosphorylated on tyrosines of the linker region, or through a phospholipase C gamma dependent pathway, when phosphorylated on Tyr 342 and Tyr 346. Thus the differential phosphorylation of SYK can determine the pathway by which BCR is coupled to the regulation of intracellular calcium ions.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of SYK (aa296-484) expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Solute carrier family 22 member 1, Organic cation transporter 1, hOCT1, SLC22A1, OCT1|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||SYK Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Translocates a broad array of organic cations with various structures and molecular weights including the model compounds 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP), tetraethylammonium (TEA), N-1-methylnicotinamide (NMN), 4-(4-(dimethylamino)styryl)- N-methylpyridinium (ASP), the endogenous compounds choline, guanidine, histamine, epinephrine, adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine, and the drugs quinine, and metformin. The transport of organic cations is inhibited by a broad array of compounds like tetramethylammonium (TMA), cocaine, lidocaine, NMDA receptor antagonists, atropine, prazosin, cimetidine, TEA and NMN, guanidine, cimetidine, choline, procainamide, quinine, tetrabutylammonium, and tetrapentylammonium. Translocates organic cations in an electrogenic and pH-independent manner. Translocates organic cations across the plasma membrane in both directions. Transports the polyamines spermine and spermidine. Transports pramipexole across the basolateral membrane of the proximal tubular epithelial cells. The choline transport is activated by MMTS. Regulated by various intracellular signaling pathways including inhibition by protein kinase A activation, and endogenously activation by the calmodulin complex, the calmodulin- dependent kinase II and LCK tyrosine kinase.|
|Cellular Location||Basolateral cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed with high level in liver. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in liver. Isoform 1, isoform 2, isoform 3 and isoform 4 are expressed in glial cell lines|
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1. Blood. 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3352-9 2. Int J Mol Med. 2006 Oct;18(4):547-57. 3. J Exp Med. 2006 Dec 25;203(13):2829-40.
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