|Application ||WB, IHC, ICC, E|
|Calculated MW||80173 Da|
|Description||PEG10: paternally expressed 10. This gene includes two overlapping reading frames of the same transcript encoding distinct isoforms. The shorter isoform has a CCHC-type zinc finger motif containing a sequence characteristic of gag proteins of most retroviruses and some retrotransposons, and it functions in part by interacting with members of the TGF-beta receptor family. The longer isoform has the active-site DSG consensus sequence of the protease domain of pol proteins. The longer isoform is the result of -1 translational frameshifting that is also seen in some retroviruses. Expression of these two isoforms only comes from the paternal allele due to imprinting. Increased gene expression (as observed by an increase in mRNA levels) is associated with hepatocellular carcinomas.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of PEG10 (aa1-120) expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide. |
|Other Names||Retrotransposon-derived protein PEG10, Embryonal carcinoma differentiation-regulated protein, Mammalian retrotransposon-derived protein 2, Myelin expression factor 3-like protein 1, MEF3-like protein 1, Paternally expressed gene 10 protein, Retrotransposon gag domain-containing protein 3, Retrotransposon-derived gag-like polyprotein, Ty3/Gypsy-like protein, PEG10, EDR, KIAA1051, MAR2, MART2, MEF3L1, RGAG3|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000
IF~~1/200 - 1/1000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PEG10 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||EDR, KIAA1051, MAR2, MART2, MEF3L1, RGAG|
|Function||Prevents apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells through interaction with SIAH1, a mediator of apoptosis. May also have a role in cell growth promotion and hepatoma formation. Inhibits the TGF-beta signaling by interacting with the TGF-beta receptor ALK1. When overexpressed, induces the formation of cellular extension, such as filipodia in association with ALK1. Involved at the immediate early stage of adipocyte differentiation (By similarity). May bind to the 5'-GCCTGTCTTT-3' DNA sequence of the MB1 domain in the myelin basic protein (MBP) promoter (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Detected predominantly in the cytoplasm of breast and prostate carcinomas, in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells and in the Hep-G2 cell line. Colocalized with ALK1|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in the cytotrophoblast layer but not in the overlying syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta. Expressed in prostate and breast carcinomas but not in normal breast and prostate epithelial cells. Expressed in the Hep-G2 cell line (at protein level). Expressed in brain, liver, spleen, kidney, thymus, lung, ovary, testis, reactive lymph node, skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and placenta. Expressed in pancreatic and hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC).|
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1. Oncogene. 2007 Aug 23;26(39):5741-51. 2. FEBS Lett. 2008 Aug 6;582(18):2793-8.
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